Tag: 上海不准不开心靠谱吗

IADC: Optimizing Shipping Channel Capacity for Australian Ports

first_imgImage source: IADCThe International Association of Dredging Companies (IADC) has released in its latest Terra et Aqua an article named ‘An Improved Integrated Approach for Optimizing Shipping Channel Capacity for Australian Ports’.The continuing surge in commercial vessel sizes is putting increasing pressure on the world’s port authorities to adopt effective expansion strategies to ensure that their assets are able to meet growing capacity demands, according to IADC’s paper.Among the key challenges is to assure that correct strategic and operational measures are adopted which guarantee safe and efficient traffic through shipping channels while also accommodating the demands of the commercial shipping industry.Image source: IADCChannel capacity expansion projects usually involve the consideration of extensive dredging which introduces considerable constraints with respect to cost and environmental impacts.This article presents an improved integrated approach for optimizing shipping channel capacity utilizing an Under-Keel Clearance (UKC) model Nonlinear Channel Optimization Simulator (NCOS) in combination with the full-bridge ship simulator SIMFLEX4.The quantitative channel optimization framework incorporates a full 3D vessel response in each time step made possible by recent advances in High Performance Computing.The impact on channel capacity and UKC caused by long-term temporal and spatial variations in waves and water levels through the channel is handled deterministically using a high-resolution modeled dataset.Full-scale validation for large container vessels entering the Port of Brisbane during heavy wave conditions in early June 2016 demonstrated excellent agreement between measured and predicted UKC values.The paper provides an overview of the modelling methodology and its successful application in recent channel optimization studies for both Australian and overseas ports. It was demonstrated that using the more accurate integrated framework, it was possible to achieve target levels of channel operability, while reducing required dredge volumes significantly compared to conventional estimates.last_img read more

One tests COVID-19 positive in latest English Premier League

first_imgLONDON: The English Premier League said on Monday that there was one more positive result from the latest round of COVID-19 tests of players and staff conducted last week, taking the total number of cases to 18 since testing began last month. The English top flight restarted its season last week after a 100-day hiatus due to the pandemic. “The Premier League can today confirm that between Wednesday 17 June and Sunday 21 June, 1,829 players and club staff were tested for COVID-19,” it said in a statement. “Of these, one person has tested positive.” The league did not reveal the club or the name of the individual who tested positive. Since players returned to contact training last month, tests have been carried out twice a week since May 17 and the league has conducted 10 rounds of testing so far. AgenciesAlso watch: Evening Bulletin | 23rd June, 2020last_img read more

UFC obliging troubled Greg Hardy’s desire for 2nd chance

first_imgDan Gelston✔@APgelston NEW YORK (AP) — Greg Hardy’s eyes popped as he saw his name in bold print on the oversized placard that identified him as a UFC fighter. “I’m haunted and I am a broken man,” former NFL star-turned-MMA fighter Greg Hardy says. He’s grateful that UFC is giving him a chance that some believe he doesn’t deserve, given his history of domestic [email protected]: http://apne.ws/c3BvduN  See AP Sports’s other Tweets AP Sports✔@AP_Sports Twitter Ads info and privacy Hardy wants to show he has changed as he makes his debut in UFC, a promotion that hasn’t hesitated to embrace fighters with legal or drug problems. His co-headline spot in a heavyweight bout Saturday night comes at a key moment for the MMA giant, its first show in its $1.5 billion contract with ESPN.Hardy played 12 football games in 2015 under a $13.1 million deal with the Cowboys before turning to professional fighting, where his rise has been rapid. The 30-year-old breezed through six fights — none lasting past the first round — and won a contract through a UFC reality show.His debut comes one month after UFC allowed Jon Jones to compete following a positive drug test, moving an entire fight from Las Vegas to Los Angeles because Nevada regulators wouldn’t license the troubled superstar. It’s also several months after Dana White, UFC’s president, condemned Conor McGregor for his criminal act of throwing a wheeled cart at a bus full of fighters, then turned around and used the video footage to hype up an October megafight between McGregor and Khabib Nurmagomedov, a bout that itself ended in a melee.Scrutiny of Hardy’s ascent grew among fans when he was placed on the same card as flyweight Rachael Ostovich, who is fighting Paige VanZant. Honolulu police arrested Ostovich’s husband, Arnold Berdon, who pleaded not guilty to attempted murder and is accused of punching his wife in the head, face and ribs, fracturing her eye socket.White has defended having the two intertwined fighters on the same card and said he had Ostovich’s approval to book Hardy.“From the minute I called her, there was never a situation,” White said. “She didn’t know who Hardy was. She didn’t know anything about it. She said, ‘His situation isn’t my situation. They’re completely different. I don’t even know the guy and I’ll have no problem with any of this.’” See Dan Gelston’s other Tweets In this Sunday, Dec. 27, 2015, file photo, Dallas Cowboys defensive end Greg Hardy arrives prior to an NFL football game against the Buffalo Bills, in Orchard Park, N.Y. Former NFL defensive end Greg Hardy says he is “haunted” by his high-profile domestic violence past and wants to prove he has changed as he makes his debut in UFC, a promotion that hasn’t hesitated to embrace fighters with legal or drug problems. (AP Photo/Bill Wippert, File) “That’s dope! It’s got my Twitter thing on it,” Hardy said with a laugh.Yes, his Twitter handle @greghardyjr was printed underneath his name to let fans know how to find the hulking heavyweight on social media. UFC enthusiasts and social media pundits had already pounced on the disgraced former NFL defensive end:— “he can beat up women that’s for sure.”— “why is this woman beater in the UFC?”— “which woman fighter is he gonna beat up?”Keep scrolling and scrolling and the majority of the 240-character sentiments strike similar opinions: Hardy doesn’t deserve a chance to fight for UFC.Hardy understands those who want to wash their hands of someone arrested for assaulting a woman. While still playing football, Hardy was convicted in July 2014 of assaulting and threatening a woman who contended the 6-foot-4, 275-pounder threw her in a bathtub and onto a sofa covered with guns before threatening to kill her. He appealed, and prosecutors in North Carolina eventually dismissed domestic violence charges in February 2015, saying the accuser in the case couldn’t be found. The court heard the woman had reached a civil settlement with Hardy.“I do revisit the past at night,” Hardy said Thursday. “I’m haunted and I am a broken man. But at the end of the day, I’ve got to build myself back up.” 8:24 AM – Jan 18, 2019 https://apnews.com/3520ed566434445bb580d00949f2f831?utm_campaign=SocialFlow&utm_medium=AP_Sports&utm_source=Twitter … 98:20 PM – Jan 17, 2019 Twitter Ads info and privacy Ostovich said in New York that she talked to Hardy this week to “squash whatever might be happening.”“Let’s work together and use this to help other people from both sides,” she said. “It wasn’t bothering me. It was just something that was on my mind and on my heart that I wanted to go in and meet with him.”Hardy appreciated the chat.“She’s a phenomenal person,” he said. “It shows greatness that she went through what she went through and came here to kick butt.”Ostovich was pulled from her fight against VanZant because of the severity of the injuries suffered in her attack, only to insist she could compete as she saw other fighters clamor for the marquee spot.She had earned her spot in Brooklyn and, once medically cleared — she wanted to clear the slate with Hardy.“I felt like that was the right thing for me to do,” he said. “I totally get it. I understand why people would have a hard time grasping the whole situation and why things happen. But I believe everything happens for a reason. I believe we can change our surroundings for a positive thing.”Hardy has had few positives since he had 15 sacks for the Carolina Panthers in 2013 when he was picked for the Pro Bowl. He was arrested on a cocaine possession charge in a Dallas suburb in 2016.“I’ve grown in every way possible and the people around me have helped me do that,” Hardy said. “Everything’s changed as far as the sport, the venues and myself. Please keep watching and find out for yourself.”Hardy hopped down the stage after the ceremonial staredown against Allen Crowder and gave White a big bro hug.But not all observers backed UFC’s decision to sign Hardy.“It’s quite offensive. It’s gross,” said Kiersten Stewart, director of public policy at Futures Without Violence, a national group that works to prevent domestic and sexual violence and child abuse. “It’s about making money off domestic violence. It really minimizes the harm that domestic violence does.”Stewart said Ostovich had every right to fight at Barclays Center with Hardy, but raised the question: “Why was she put in this position?”White said it was a moot point.“These are two UFC fighters and eventually they would have ended up on the same card anyway,” White said. “It could be this fight or it could be 10 fights from now.”Win or lose, Ostovich knows she’ll end her combat in the cage in tears. She’s been publicly stoic in the face of probing questions about her abuse and Hardy’s presence and is ready to let her emotions out once the bell rings. Through all the adversity, there was nowhere else she wanted to be but New York.“If I was pulled from the card because of my situation and being at home just recovering and thinking about it, I would have been at home Saturday night watching my fight and just be so crushed,” she said. “It feels so much better to be here than not.”Hardy feels similarly about a new lease on life as an athlete. He was cheery — downright happy-go-lucky — and did not shy away from answering questions about his past, even as he was light on specifics.And he’s already made a great impression on the new boss.“The guy is gifted. He’s a great athlete. He looks good so far,” White said. “When he hits people, they go down.”___More AP sports: https://apnews.com/apf-sports and https://twitter.com/AP_Sportslast_img read more

Three games, two at home for Leafs

first_imgSaturday night the Leafs welcome the Grand Forks Border Bruins before concluding the weekend on the road in Spokane against the Braves. The Nelson Leafs hope to bounce back following a 1-0 loss last week to Castlegar when the Heritage City squad hosts North Okanagan in the first of two home games Friday at the NDCC Arena.The Knights lead the Doug Birks division of the Okanagan Conference with a record of 8-2-0-1.Nelson, at 6-4-1-0, is third in the Murdoch behind Castlegar and Beaver Valley.last_img read more

Nelson Cyswog’n’Fun Triathlon begins search for new race director

first_imgFor more than three decades Larry Bickerton has been a mainstay with the Nelson Cyswog’n’Fun Triathlon — the last three as Race Director.Bickerton also has been personally participating in every race since the event begain back in the 1980’s.However, the former dentist and avid triathlon enthusiast, has decided to resign from his position as Race Director of the summertime event.So effective November 1, the Cyswog’n’Fun Triathlon committee will begin to search for a new Race Director to take the annual event into year 33. “The new Race Director will be supported by a committee of 10 experienced directors, plus Larry has offered to provide mentorship to the new individual or individuals (some years two or more people have shared the Race Director responsibilities),” a message on the Cyswog’n’Fun Triathlon website said.”This is your chance to put back into the community. There’s a great nucleus to build from, and a lot of tradition to follow,” the website added.”You will face challenges and need to make significant decisions, but the reward of seeing your effort pay off in smiling, tired competitors will be with you forever.”Anyone interested in learning more about the Race Director position should email [email protected] 2015 Nelson Cyswog’n’Fun Triathlon is set for Sunday, August 2, 2015 at Lakeside Park.Competitors enter the Olympic  — 1.5 kilometer swim, 39 km bike and 10 km run — or Sprint — 500 meter swim, 22 km cycle and five kim run — Course.The main hub for the event is beautiful Lakeside Park that provides the backdrop for the transition stage.last_img read more

LVR Bombers need shootout to capture BC High School AA Girl’s Soccer Championship

first_imgPerkins, finishing the tournament as the winner of the Golden Boot with ten goals, converted the lone goal of the game off a corner kick from Laurel Halleran.Perkins, who also won LVR’s Commissioners Award as the team’s top player, finished the game with a “golf-ball-sizes” goose egg on her head after a collision during the game.The teams, tied at the half, played the entire second half and 15 minutes of overtime scoreless.In shootout both teams converted their opportunities before Ida stepped up to the penalty spot.Calmly placing her shot into the net, the score was advantage LVR.Bomber keeper Hanna Quinn then sent the Kootenay Reps into the winner’s circle, saving the next St. Thomas Moore shooter.The shootout was the second time in as many games St Thomas Moore was involved in a tie-breaker.St Thomas Moore edged out St. Michael’s University in shootout after the teams played through a scoreless game.The Championship win for LVR completes a Cinderella spring for the Heritage City school.Last week Bombers boys captured the 2016 BC High School Boy’s AA Tier II Rugby Championship with a thrilling 13-12 victory over Fraser Valley power Robert Bateman Timberwolves Saturday at Rotary Park in Abbotsford. Maya Ida scored the winning goal in shootout to spark the L.V. Rogers Bombers to a 2-1 victory over St. Thomas Moore of Vancouver in the final of the 2016 BC High School AA Girl’s Soccer Championships Friday in Campbell River.Ida was the seventh shooter in the thrilling tie-breaker that decided the AA Girl’s Soccer title, the first for LVR since the 1997 and 1998 when the Bombers won back to back provincial titles under the guidance of coach Dave Simpson.”Unbelievable,” said Bomber captain Kyra Burkart when asked following the game about winning the provincial championship.”We talked about winning provincials all season, and as well as we were doing in our tournaments (winning the provincial title) didn’t kick in that it was a reality until I was running in to hug (keeper) Hannah (Quinn) after she saved the last shot,” Burkart added.”This team is the most wonderful group of individuals I’ve ever played with, and I could not be happier or more proud.”This contest was a lot tougher, and closer than the semi final contest won 6-1 over Okanagan Mission by LVR.However, it was once again striker Naomi Perkins leading the Bombers offence, scoring the only goal of the game for the Kootenay Reps.last_img read more

DEELE COLLEGE STUDENTS SHOW ‘THRASHPARENCY’ FOR JUNK KOUTURE EVENT

first_imgFEATURES: It was an amazingly successful day at the Junk Kouture Northern Regional finals for Deele College, with three teams being selected for the grand final in the 3 Arena, which will pit the best student designers in the country against one another.While three of Deele’s entries made it to the final , the other three entries narrowly missed out on the short list but are still in the running and still hoping to be selected as a wildcard selection for the grand finale. The outfit ‘Trashparency’ made by Breenagh Golden, Shannon Collins and Chloe Lafferty ‘White Lightning’ made by Louise Brogan and Megan Barnett and ‘Osiris’ made by Diarmuid Drumm, Nicole Kelly and Coral Morning all made it through to the Grand Final.The outfits ‘Atlantic Queen’ made by Rebecca Quinn, Nicole Kavanagh and Shannon laird ‘Nailed It’ by Shannon McNamee, Rachel and Jessica Wood and lastly ‘Splish, Splash, Splosh’ by Courtney Downey, Louise Brogan and Rachel O’Donnell narrowly missed out on the shortlist.Louise Brogan from ‘White Lightning’ explained that their dress was made from shredded paper rolled into small quills, recycled crisp bags and broken CD’s. When her team began to make the dress they decided early on that they wanted to make a glamorous dress and they would take their time with it. They started in late October and finished earlier this year.She spoke about how long it took to curl up the paper using a quilling tool and each individual crisp bag had to be rolled up and cut into eight squares to make up the bottom of the dress. Louise said she and her team are really looking forward to the Grand Final. We would like to take this opportunity to wish all the teams good luck in the Grand Final which will be staged in the 3 Arena in Dublin on the 14th of April.DEELE COLLEGE STUDENTS SHOW ‘THRASHPARENCY’ FOR JUNK KOUTURE EVENT was last modified: March 10th, 2016 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:deele collegeEntertainmentFeaturesJunk Kouturenewslast_img read more

Can Humans Scientifically Analyze One Another?

first_imgImagine an alien landing on Earth and trying to figure out two groups of people.  One group wields spears and arrows and decides that those who interfere with their traditions are enemies to be killed.  Another lives in penthouses and universities and explains the behavior of the other group as evolved tendencies from their animal past.  Would the alien necessarily agree that the latter group was more honorable?  The following two stories may enlighten the question.    Anthropologist Meredith Small wrote in Live Science about hunter-gatherer tribes in New Guinea and South America.  She seemed to echo the evolutionary view of researchers who denied that the warrior culture granted reproductive success: “Waorani warriors did worse in terms of reproductive success and their killing was for naught, in evolutionary terms,” they found.  Small noted that revenge seems to work and fail: “In one group, the Yanomamo, the killings resulted in times of peace and love and more babies, and in the other, the Waorani, endless revenge was leading to the end.  That gave her a morality lesson to end on.  Since evolution has produced tribal cultures that are successful within their own realms, who are white people to judge?  “Maybe people should be left on their own to live or die, to kill or be killed, left to live under their own rules and moral structures, regardless of how we judge them.”    Sometimes evolutionizing one’s fellow sentient earthlings can backfire.  Michael Balter reported in Science that popular evolutionary science author Jared Diamond is finding that out.1  Diamond recorded conversations with New Guinea tribespeople and wrote a piece for New Yorker magazine that explained their vengeance culture in evolutionary terms, “to draw an overall lesson about the human need for vengeance.”  Apparently, his subjects took offense at that characterization.  Some of them are not so primitive as he portrayed them; some have good-paying jobs and internet access.  Diamond found himself slapped with a lawsuit by a couple of these New Guinea tribesmen (see Balter’s Blog for a summary).  They are asking $10 million in damages.  In addition, Diamond has been investigated by Rhonda Roland Shearer, an artist and the widow of evolutionary biologist Stephen Jay Gould, whose website StinkyJournalism.org criticizes Diamond for bad anthropology and bad journalism.1.  Michael Balter, “Science and the Media: ‘Vengeance’ Bites Back at Jared Diamond,” Science, 15 May 2009: Vol. 324. no. 5929, pp. 872-874, DOI: 10.1126/science.324_872.It’s not “Coming of Age in Samoa” anymore.  Anthropologists can no longer evolutionize their fellow human beings with impunity.  The internet has changed things.  Evolutionists are now accountable to the people they label as primitive, less-evolved members of the human race.    In an evolutionary context, like Small writes, who is to say one culture is better than another?  Why not live and let die?  If she really believes that, she has no grounds to fight terrorism.  Notice that it’s Christian missionaries who bring medicine, healing, and peace to these people.  They believe that we are all of one blood, corrupted by sin, and in need of a Savior.  Choose which analysis you think produces good fruit.    It would be a shame if Jared Diamond loses his freedom to write candidly.  He has provided three of the best examples of evolutionary propaganda in our Baloney Detector.  Search on his name there and enjoy.(Visited 8 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Indian cars spice up local market

first_img11 November 2004South Africa is increasingly being seen as a lucrative market for overseas vehicle manufacturers. Now India’s second-largest car manufacturer, Tata Motors, wants 7% of the local passenger car market by 2007-8.The group’s ambitions were revealed at the launch of its Indica hatchback and Indigo sedan in South Africa last month. Tata also said it was looking into the feasibility of making cars locally.South Africa’s automotive industry has become an increasingly important contributor to the country’s gross domestic product, mainly through strong growth in the motor vehicle and component exporting sector.The industry is ranked 19th in the world in terms of vehicle production. It is responsible for approximately 80% of Africa’s vehicle output and produces 0.7% of the world’s vehicles.According to the National Association of Automotive Manufacturers of SA (Naamsa), exports of components amounted to about R22.5-billion in 2002, while exports of motor vehicles amounted to about R18-billion in the same year. New car sales in 2003 were over 350 000, compared to exports of well over 100 000. Exports of passenger cars (11 267) in September 2004 where 1700 up from the same month in 2003.So bright is the outlook that Standard Bank has projected that South Africa can expect foreign earnings from auto industry exports to equal earnings from gold exports for the first time in 2004.The catalyst for this unprecedented growth is the government’s Motor Industry Development Programme (MIDP), introduced in 1995 and recently extended until 2007 by the Department of Trade and Industry.The programme is aimed at making South Africa’s automotive sector internationally competitive through phased global integration, increasing the volume and scale of local production, expanding exports, and modernising and upgrading the industry.Tata is already investimg some R40-million in a bus assembly factory in Johannesburg, and, according to Business Day, is on a short-list to supply the government with 15-35 seater vehicles.Tata also says South Africa could be a stepping stone for the group into other markets in the region. Business Day says the company has been expanding overseas to lessen its dependency on the Indian market.Tata’s announcement follows increased interest in doing business in South Africa among Indian firms.India is South Africa’s sixth largest trading partner in Asia, with two-way trade worth more than US$2-billion a year, and South Africa recently adopted the “New Delhi Agenda for Cooperation” – a South-South co-operation agreement with India and Brazil.Tata’s Asian rival in South Africa, Mahindra & Mahindra, has also announced plans to expand into the local vehicle retail market.SouthAfrica.info reporterlast_img read more

Press freedom in South Africa

first_imgSouth Africa ranks 52nd out of 179 countries in Reporters Without Borders’ (RSF’s) 2013 index of press freedom – down from 42nd position the year before.After the Arab Spring and other dramatic political movements, this year’s index “is a better reflection of the attitudes and intentions of governments towards media freedom in the medium or long term,’ said the organisation. (Image: Magharebia)Brand South Africa reporterReporters Without Borders’ (RSF) annual Worldwide Press Freedom Index – covering the period from December 2011 to end November 2012 – reflects the degree of freedom journalists and news organisations enjoy in each country, and the efforts made by each state to respect and ensure respect for this freedom.After the Arab Spring and other dramatic political movements, this year’s index “is a better reflection of the attitudes and intentions of governments towards media freedom in the medium or long term,’ said the organisation.Many criteria are considered, ranging from legislation to violence against journalists. While the political system is not considered, it is clear that democracies better protect the freedom to circulate accurate information.Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2013‘Secrecy bill’While South Africa is described as a country where freedom of expression is a reality, its ranking was affected by the threat posed by the Protection of State Information Bill to investigative journalism in the country.After a year of debate, the contentious, amended bill was passed by the National Assembly in April 2013.State Security Minister Siyabonga Cwele told parliament that the bill was aimed at protecting sensitive state information and the information of ordinary people, such as marriage certificates and business registrations.The bill gives the minister control over the classification of information.The government insists that whistle-blowers would be protected and no one will be able to use the bill to hide corruption.Opponents to the bill, which include human rights and legal experts, opposition parties and civil society bodies, say it preferences state interests over transparency and freedom of expression.Read more:A guide to the Protection of State Information Bill, [PDF]Civil society opposition, led by Right2Know campaignBest and worstFinland followed by the Netherlands and Norway have no recorded censorship, threats, intimidation or physical reprisals towards members of the media. It is the third year that Finland is in the top spot.Turkmenistan (177th), North Korea (178th) and Eritrea (179th) occupy the last three spots as authorities there continued a clampdown on independent media activity.For the third year Finland,, which has no curbs on journalists rights, sat atop the report. (Image: Alisdare Hickson)RSF said in its 2013 press freedom report that Eritrea “continues to be a vast open prison for its people and lets journalists die in detention”, while neither Kim Jong-un’s arrival in Korea nor the reformist discourse of the Turkmen regime have lead to any easing up of the “totalitarian control of the media”.DownwardsOther countries that have slipped in the rankings are Israel, down 20 places to 112 because of its military targeting of reporters in Palestine’s territories.Malayasia (145th) has dropped 23 places due to the limitation on the access of information in the country.The biggest fall of the index was recorded by Mali (99th), which slumped 74 places after the turmoil of 2012, including a military coup in March.Japan’s sharp fall of 31 places to 53rd should “sound an alarm”, RSF says. The country’s rating has been affected by “a lack of transparency and almost zero respect for access to information on subjects directly or indirectly related to Fukushima”.Press freedom in AfricaWithin Africa, South Africa comes in sixth position, after Namibia (19th), Ghana (30th), Botswana (40th), Niger (43rd) and Burkina Faso (46th).Malawi, up by 71 places to 75th, “registered the biggest leap in the index, almost returning to the position it held before the excesses at the end of the [Bingu wa] Mutharika administration,’ reported the organisation.Ivory Coast (96th, up 63 places), has emerged from its post-electoral crisis between the supporters of Laurent Gbagbo and Alassane Ouattara with its best position since 2003.Deadliest countryThe deadliest country for journalists in 2012 was Syria (176th), where “journalists and netizens are the victims of an information war waged by both the Assad regime, which stops at nothing in order to crack down and impose a news blackout, and by opposition factions that are increasingly intolerant of dissent”.RSF said 2012 was the “deadliest year ever registered”, with a high number of journalists and netizens killed in the course of their work.(Image: OPEN DAYS)How the index is compiledReporters Without Borders compiles its index by asking 18 freedom of expression organisations on five continents, 150 correspondents around the world, as well as journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists, to answer questions relating to the state of press freedom in 179 countries.The questions consider six general criteria: pluralism, media independence, environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency and infrastructure.It also calculates a score to reflect the level of violence against journalists. The scores are combined to assess the state of press freedom.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more