Jagdeo says private charges against Ministers not tit for tat

first_imgOpposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo has debunked claims that the private charges filed against Government Ministers, Dr George Norton and Volda Lawrence by two Opposition Members of Parliament is not a tit for tat, but rather is the first step in trying to end Government corruption at all levels.Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo“We have been for ages trying to get redress on these matters,” Jagdeo said, explaining that the Government is engaged in talks about corruption but has not made any concerted effort to address it from its root.He made reference to Government officials talking about the issue at several major conferences, including the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting. In other cases, experts were brought here to conduct sessions with law enforcement officers to address corruption.“But on these matters where they have real instances of corruption, they are unwilling to take any action in spite of the work done by the media on these matters to expose them and the calls by civil society and the Opposition for the Government to respond to them,” he observed.He said more actions would be filed in the coming weeks.last_img read more

Govt approves $17.3M for Emancipation celebrations

first_imgThe Social Cohesion Ministry, with responsibility for culture, youth and sport, has been allocated $17.3 million for the hosting of this year’s Emancipation activities.Minister of State, Joseph Harmon, who made the disclosure on Friday, said the money would be divided among the African organisations registered with the Ministry for the hosting of events in the respective villages.In addition to the traditional celebration in the National Park, Minister Harmon said, a special Emancipation event will be hosted at the Union Cultural Complex, Union, Region Six (East Berbice-Corentyne). Emancipation is celebrated on August 1 to commemorate the abolition of slavery in 1834.last_img read more

Carpenter who “found gun while digging yard” remanded

first_imgThirty-two-year-old Paul Bishop was on Friday hauled before Chief Magistrate Ann McLennan at the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts slapped with a gun possession charge.Bishop, who plies his trade as a carpenter, denied the allegation that was made out against him.The court heard that the Freeman Street, Albouystown resident on October, 9, 2018, had a .32 pistol in his possession without being the holder of a firearm licence.The prosecution is contending that on the day in question, Police ranks acting on information carried out a search on the defendant while he was in the Freeman Street, Albouystown area, when the unlicensed weapon was found on his person.According to reports, the accused was on a pedal bicycle when he was confronted by the lawmen and had confessed in an oral statement that he had found the revolver while he was “digging in the front yard”.Further, Police Prosecutor Richard Harris objected to bail being granted on the grounds of the serious nature of the charge.The prosecution’s submission was upheld by the Chief Magistrate who later remanded Bishop to prison until October 31.last_img read more

Coutinho in Barcelona to tie up third-richest transfer

first_imgSpanish league leaders Barca host Levante on Sunday at Camp Nou, but Coutinho will not be in the stands.“He will not be attending the match,” a club source told AFP.According to Catalan daily Sport, current La Liga leaders Barca want attention turned solely on the Levante match and not their new recruit, who should be officially presented to media on Monday.The swoop for the 25-year-old attacking midfielder — which contains a 400-million-euro (Sh49.7bn)release clause — is the third biggest transfer in football.It is outranked only by Paris Saint-Germain’s world record 222m-euro (Sh27.6bn) signing of Neymar from Barcelona last year, and PSG’s capture of French striker Kylian Mbappe for a deal that will eventually be worth 180 million euros (Sh22.4bn).Rio-born Coutinho arrived at Liverpool from Inter Milan for a mere £8.5 million (Sh105.6mn) in January 2013 and scored 54 goals for the club in all competitions, although he won no silverware during his five-year stay at Anfield.Barcelona had tried to sign him in the summer and his departure now is a blow to Liverpool as the playmaker has just returned to top form after an injury-hit start to the season, scoring six goals in the last seven games of 2017 to put his side firmly in the Champions League places.“It is with great reluctance that we -– as a team and club –- prepare to say farewell to a good friend, a wonderful person and a fantastic player in Philippe Coutinho,” said Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp.“It is no secret that Philippe has wanted this move to happen since July, when Barcelona first made their interest known.“Philippe was insistent with me, the owners and even his teammates this was a move he was desperate to make happen.”For Barcelona, Coutinho’s signing will allow the club to move on from the bitter experience of losing his Brazil teammate Neymar to Qatar-backed PSG last summer.Coutinho’s age is highly attractive to Barca, whose three main stars, Lionel Messi, Luis Suarez and Andres Iniesta are all in their thirties. Iniesta, at 33, has shown signs of fatigue this season.– ‘What will he gain?’ –French media group beIN Sports reported late Saturday that Liverpool will immediately spend 55 million euros of their windfall on Leicester striker Riyad Mahrez.They claimed Mahrez will have a medical at Liverpool on Sunday before penning a four-year contract.Reports in England though said Liverpool’s main target to replace Coutinho is Monaco forward Thomas Lemar, who Arsenal tried to sign before the season.Coutinho played no role in Liverpool’s 2-1 victory over city rivals Everton in the FA Cup on Friday. Liverpool’s winning goal was scored by Virgil Van Dijk, the Dutch defender they signed last week from Southampton for £75 million, one of the biggest deals in history.Former Liverpool defender Phil Thompson said his old club had probably got the better deal and questioned Coutinho’s decision to join Barca now because he will not be able to play in the Champions League for them this season having already appeared for Liverpool. Both clubs are in the last 16 of the competition.“It’s hard to get my head around what Philippe is going to gain because he can’t play Champions League football for them, they are running away with the league, and he’s got the World Cup at the end of the season,” Thompson said on Sky Sports.“Will he play regularly every week at Barcelona? I’m not too sure. Philippe could have carried on (at Liverpool). He could have been playing in the Champions League.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Philippe Coutinho scored 54 goals for Liverpool in all competitions during his five-year stay at Anfield © AFP/File / Paul ELLISBARCELONA, Spain, Jan 7 – Brazilian midfielder Philippe Coutinho was in Barcelona Sunday to tie up a Sh19.9bn (160-million-euro) move from Liverpool, the third-richest deal of all time.“Bem-vindo! Welcome! Benvingut! ¡Bienvenido!” Barca tweeted to Coutinho along with a waving hand sign and a video showing a shirt bearing his name in a locker.last_img read more

‘Reds’ 4-1 win won’t effect City as they’re the better team’ – Cup final preview

first_imgThis interview appears in the current edition of Sport magazine. Download the free iPad app here, and follow on twitter @sportmaguk“Manchester City’s main strength as a team is that they still have the best individuals in the Premier League. The reason why they have won the title a couple of times in five years is down to Sergio Aguero, Yaya Toure, David Silva and Vincent Kompany. They’ve been the best, or among the best, in their positions in the league. Even if some of them are coming more towards the end of their careers now, they’re still top players. Without them you really notice the difference.“I also don’t think that 4-1 loss to Liverpool [last November] is going to have a massive effect on City. They were just poor on the day, but they’re a better team than Liverpool. The league table shows you that. But what it does for Liverpool is give them belief that they can win on the day.“Each team has two key players, really – and in similar positions. It’s Aguero and Silva for City, while for Liverpool it’s Daniel Sturridge and Philippe Coutinho. If those pairs of players can link up and perform, they are both match-winning combinations.”REBUILDING LIVERPOOL: CARRAGHER DISCUSSES THE JOB KLOPP FACESSky Sports will show the Capital One Cup Final as part of 17 live football games this weekend 1 Jamie Carragher previews the 2016 League Cup final last_img read more

DUNPHY LAUDS DONEGAL GAA TEAM FOR FIGHTING BACK DURING RECESSION

first_imgTop broadcaster Eamon Dunphy has used the Donegal GAA team as an example of people who are getting on with their lives in the recession.Eamon DunphyThe commentator was speaking on RTE’s The Frontline.“Look at the Donegal footballers or the Kilkenny hurlers. We are a magnificent people. Let’s see if we can translate that,” he said. Host Pat Kenny said that it has been noted that people who like sport in Ireland are coping with the recession a little better.Hopefully that means that sports-mad Donegal is getting ready to fight back in 2013!   DUNPHY LAUDS DONEGAL GAA TEAM FOR FIGHTING BACK DURING RECESSION was last modified: December 18th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Eamon DunphyThe Frontlinelast_img read more

Israeli warplanes strike guerrillas inside Lebanon

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBlues bury Kings early with four first-period goals Ibrahim Gambari, the U.N. undersecretary-general for political affairs, blamed Hezbollah, saying the exchange started on the Lebanese side of the border. “(The) violations show once again the importance of the government of Lebanon extending its control over all of its territory and exerting its monopoly on the use of force,” Gambari said in a statement released by his office. The United States also accused Hezbollah of provoking the fighting and urged the Lebanese government to take charge of the area. Hezbollah’s Al-Manar television on Tuesday aired videotape showing scenes from Monday’s clashes. The tape showed a fire at the Israeli military position of al-Abbassiyeh after a hit by Hezbollah rockets, the announcer said. It also showed a volley of Hezbollah rockets crashing into the Israeli military outpost in the border village of Ghajar. JERUSALEM – Israel said its warplanes struck in Lebanon on Tuesday in what Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz described as the largest-scale Israeli response to cross-border attacks by Lebanese guerrillas since 2000. Mofaz spoke just hours after Israeli fighter jets attacked a command post of Hezbollah guerrillas in south Lebanon and after army bulldozers entered Lebanon to demolish a Hezbollah post just north of the community of Ghajar. Hezbollah and the Lebanese army denied Israeli warplanes struck in southern Lebanon on Tuesday. Israeli warplanes struck a number of Hezbollah targets Monday, Israeli security officials said. The Israeli strike came a day after the Lebanese guerrilla group Hezbollah fired mortars and rockets toward the Israeli-Lebanese border, wounding 11 Israeli soldiers and damaging a house in an Israeli border community. The shelling sent thousands of Israeli civilians into bomb shelters. Israeli return fire killed four Hezbollah guerrillas. Monday’s Hezbollah attack “was the largest-scale, most hostile since the departure of Israeli forces from Lebanon (in 2000),” Mofaz said in remarks broadcast on Israel Radio. The Israeli response “was the widest against attempts by Hezbollah to escalate the situation.” Mofaz said Israel hit targets that “had not been attacked since the Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon,” including Hezbollah command, intelligence and communication posts. The defense minister also said Hezbollah apparently suffered the greatest number of casualties since Israel’s pullout from Lebanon. In 2002, however, there was a longer confrontation, when Hezbollah fired rockets at Israel during a three-week period and Israeli forces hit back with air and artillery strikes. The fighting marked a sudden surge in violence, the first cross-border fighting in five months. The United States accused Hezbollah of provoking the fighting, and urged the Lebanese government to take charge of the area. Lebanon has requested that UNIFIL, the U.N. peacekeeping force stationed in the country, appeal to Israel to persuade it not to further retaliate for the Hezbollah strikes, Israel Army Radio. Israeli army chief Lt. Gen. Dan Halutz confirmed that Lebanon had turned to UNIFIL, but would not elaborate. Hezbollah frequently targets Israeli troops in the Chebaa Farms area, which the Iranian-backed group says should have been returned by Israel when it withdrew from south Lebanon. Israel says it captured the area from Syria in 1967 and will discuss its control of the land only in any future peace talks with the Arab country. Hezbollah’s actions appeared to have political motivations. As the powerful Shiite Muslim militant group in control of the Lebanese side of the border with Israel, Hezbollah is an ally of Syria in Lebanon. In recent weeks it has stepped up its criticism – along with Syria – of the United Nations and its investigation into the killing of former Lebanese prime minister Rafik Hariri. The probe has implicated Syrian officials in the February murder. An escalation of tension in southern Lebanon would strengthen Syria’s hand with the U.N. by focusing attention on the need for a stable Syria as a key to peace in Lebanon, where it kept a large military force for nearly three decades. In Washington, State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said the attack was a “deliberate provocation” by Hezbollah and urged Lebanon’s government to take charge. “We have made it very clear to the Lebanese government that they need to control the situation in southern Lebanon,” he said. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Under-threat suckler farmers get support from Fianna Fail in Dail Eireann

first_imgFianna Fáil Agriculture and Food Spokesperson Charlie McConalogue TD said his party is prioritising the suckler sector and over 75,000 farm families nationwide with a Dáil motion this coming Wednesday under private members time.Deputy McConalogue said, “The almost one million suckler cow herd is pivotal to supporting the local economy in rural Ireland with every €1 of support provided to suckler farmers generating over €4 of economic activity in rural parishes.“While suckler farmers underpin our €2.5 billion beef exports, they generate average incomes below €13,000 each year and are fully dependent on CAP supports to maintain their livelihoods. “The suckler sector is facing threats on many fronts with successive Fine Gael led Governments found wanting.“The Government has refused at every avenue to look at all options to introduce a €200 payment per suckler cow. Fianna Fáil has championed this as a key policy and will continue to campaign for its delivery.“Suckler farmers are being let down with the Government accepting at least 70,000 extra tonnes of South American Mercosur beef into the EU. The timing of this couldn’t be any worse for farmers with Brexit having the potential to place tariffs on half of all our beef exports.“Meanwhile, the beef forum has failed farmers and has become a talking shop with commitments originally made being reneged on. “In our motion, we also instruct the Minister for Agriculture Michael Creed to review the current underspend accruing across several Rural Development Programme (RDP) schemes and report back within two months to the Oireachtas on a roadmap towards targeting RDP underspend to suckler and other vulnerable sectors.“The underspend in the Department of Agriculture soared to €186 million over the last two years, while several 2014-2020 RDP schemes are on course to underspend significantly, such as GLAS and TAMS.“Given the existential threats of Brexit and any Mercosur deal on suckler farmers’ incomes, the Government must immediately seek EU recognition of these and request funding supports including CAP market disturbance funds.“Fianna Fáil is asking for cross party support for this motion to send a strong message from Dáil Éireann to the Government that these farmers need to be supported,” concluded Deputy McConalogue.Under-threat suckler farmers get support from Fianna Fail in Dail Eireann was last modified: February 19th, 2018 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Charlie McConalogue TDDail Eireannfarmingfianna failsuckler sectorlast_img read more

Plant Protection: A Modern Medieval Castle Story

first_imgVigilant guards stand at the gates.  In times of peace, they let down the drawbridge, and the townspeople carry on their trade.  Farmers bring in their crops for the marketplace, and local craftsmen and pedlars keep the local economy bustling.  Yet the sentries maintain a watchful eye, aware that numerous interlopers are about.  Aliens constantly seek entry into these most vulnerable points in the castle walls.  The guards, however, are well trained.  They know the behavior patterns of most would-be intruders.  Any attempted invasion is usually rebuffed by a rapid “drawbridge up!” response till the danger has passed.  Day and night, through all seasons and all kinds of weather, these diligent sentries stand ready at their posts, maintaining security for the townspeople inside.    One day, after the gates had been closed after a day of feasting and celebration, a clever interloper showed up.  He looked a little strange, but dressed as a local merchant, he insisted he had important business in town that couldn’t wait till morning.  The guards, a bit wary at first but in high spirits from the long party, checked his I.D.  He had the necessary documents, and knew the password.  Yet this interloper, armed and dangerous, carried a secret weapon: a chemical spray able to intoxicate the guards and make them susceptible to the power of suggestion.  “Let me in,” the interloper whispered softly after surprising the guards with his potent perfume.  “It’s all right.  Everything will be just fine.  No one will ever know.”  He imitated the motions of turning the cranks that would relax the heavy chains.  Overcome by the hypnotic vapors, the guards followed his motions, and soon the drawbridge came winding down.    Once inside, the interloper went quickly to work.  A local constable was quickly put out of commission by turning his gun against him.  The intruder entered a house, subdued the occupants, and set up a base of operations.  He signaled his cohorts, and before long, before the townspeople even knew what happened, the defenses in which they had trusted had been compromised: an enemy force was inside the gates.    A medieval tale?  No; look at your house plant.  It could be happening right there.  Yellow or sickly leaves could have suffered a similar fate.  Scientists have just discovered that bacteria can trick a leaf’s guard cells into letting down their defenses.    Botanists have known about guard cells for a long time.  Leaf surfaces are pockmarked by openings (sing. stoma, plural stomata), each surrounded by a pair of guard cells that regulate the opening and closing of the stomata.  The openings are important for exchange of gases and for transpiration, the release of water vapor from cellular respiration to the atmosphere.  Like water balloons under pressure, the sausage-shaped cells become rigid as water is pumped in, creating turgor pressure.  Unable to increase their girth, the guard cells curve outward, opening a pore between them.  Relaxation of the turgor closes the stoma.  There can be a thousand stomata per square millimeter on a leaf surface (see CSBSJU lecture notes), each with their own pair of guard cells.    The opening and closing of stomata is not merely a function of water availability.  A host of specialized proteins and molecules regulate the guard cells’ actions.  The complexity of these regulators was described this month by a trio of researchers at Penn State.  Reporting in PLoS Biology,1 they identified more than 40 components of the guard cell regulatory network, and that the network is robust against a wide variety of perturbations.  From conifers to cacti, from African violets to garden weeds, stomata with their guard cells keep trillions of leaves operating as effective harvesters of sunlight, with benefits for all life.  “To our knowledge,” the researchers said without mentioning evolution, “this is one of the most complex biological networks ever modeled in a dynamical fashion.”    But back to our castle story.  Other scientists just made a surprising discovery.  Stomata are not only avenues for gas and water exchange: they really have “guard” cells with a security role.  Melotto et al. at Michigan State, writing in Cell,2 found that guard cells respond to the presence of bacteria.  They can sense the flagellin molecules in Pseudomonas syringae, a common leaf pathogen, and close the stomata to defend against invasion.  This clever bacterium, though, like our castle intruder, carries a molecule that mimics the “open sesame” command of regulators inside, and can trick the guard cells into letting down the leaf defenses.  Once inside, the bacteria have a much easier time going about their work of using leaf resources for their own needs.  Some infected cells will try to stop the invasion by committing suicide, but the inner defense system is not nearly as effective as the stomata.  We can no longer think of stomata as simple, passive ports of entry for bacteria.  “Surprisingly,” they wrote, “we found that stomatal closure is part of a plant innate immune response to restrict bacterial invasion.”  In the same issue of Cell,3 Schultz-Lefert and Robatzek commented on this discovery, adding that “pathogenic bacteria have evolved strategies to suppress the closure of stomata.”1Li, Assman and Albert, “Predicting Essential Components of Signal Transduction Networks: A Dynamic Model of Guard Cell Abscisic Acid Signaling,” Public Library of Science: Biology, Volume 4, Issue 10, September 2006.2Melotto et al., “Plant Stomata Function in Innate Immunity against Bacterial Invasion,” Cell, Volume 126, Issue 5, 8 September 2006, Pages 969-980.3Schultz-Lefert and Robatzek, “Plant Pathogens Trick Guard Cells into Opening the Gates,” Cell, Volume 126, Issue 5, 8 September 2006, Pages 831-834.We tricked you by posing this as a contest between good and evil, between peace-loving leaf cells and dastardly bacteria up to no good.  Metaphors bewitch you, remember? (see 07/04/2003).  Plants and bacteria are not sentient beings.  We should liberate our minds from the tendency to view these ecological interactions in anthropomorphic terms.  The converse is not true; human beings are sentient moral agents; no one should take this commentary as support for viewing terrorism as a natural regulatory response to civilization, for instance.  But it is possible that bacteria act as a counterbalance in the overall ecology.  Nature is filled with counterbalances, with accelerator pedals and brakes, with promoters and terminators.  Bacteria invading a leaf may look to us like selfish invaders, but what if they have a role to play, preventing a plant community from growing beyond its resources?  Many bacterial invasions occur after periods of high humidity or drenching rainstorms.  It’s possible to look at the ecological community as a well-regulated system of checks and balances, responding to perturbations in a way that ensures the long-term survival of the whole.  Most of the time, it works.  Plant communities endure despite major geological and climatic changes.  Clearly, things get out of balance sometimes, but maybe that was not the original intent of these well-regulated systems in the original creation.  We don’t need to resort to the evolutionary selfishness metaphors.  We should not personify bacteria, speculating that they “have evolved strategies” to get their own way.  Maybe they’re just doing the best job they can in a messed-up world.    The important point of these articles is not in some moral anthropomorphism, but in the realization that here is another example of an interrelated, regulated system that could never have evolved by some unguided processes.  Stomata may have looked like simple pores to earlier scientists; now we know that there is a whole network of regulators and detectors, composed of at least 40 parts, that work together to ensure the proper functioning and security of the photosynthetic factories on which all multicellular life depends.  This has been the pattern of scientific discovery ever since the discovery of DNA.  No matter where you look, life is much more sophisticated than one could have imagined.    An evolutionary astrobiologist was heard today commenting on the arrangement of cells in leaves.  He pointed out that not only are individual leaf cells optimized to filter in the solar wavelengths most useful for photosynthesis, but that they are stacked in formations that act as waveguides, funneling in the vital green wavelengths while reflecting and passing through the infrared wavelengths that would otherwise overheat the power generators.  In other words, here are two separate and independent designs that contribute to the optimization of photosynthesis.  In a declaration of folly astonishing in its dimensions, he exclaimed, without even batting an eye, isn’t it amazing that plants figured this out by themselves!.(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

New curriculum in full effect

first_img13 February 2008In 2008, for the first time, scholars across South Africa will be on the same national school curriculum, with the completion of the curriculum change that was introduced in 1998, says Education Minister Naledi Pandor.With all learners from grade R through grade 12 now learning under the outcomes-based national curriculum statement, the “class of 2008” will be the first to be awarded the new National Senior Certificate, a qualification that significantly raises the bar from previous ones.“This year students will sit for a new matric exam, with a reduced number of subject offerings, but with substantial cognitive demands,” Pandor told journalists at a briefing in Cape Town on Tuesday. “All exams will now be set at a national level, and the results will give us a good measure of the effectiveness of the new curriculum.”For example, either mathematics or maths literacy is now a compulsory subject, as is life orientation, with Pandor stating the effect on the matric pass rates of these compulsory subjects was yet to be seen, and that schools needed to implement ways to aid students.Second chanceThe “Second Chance” programme for students who failed matric in 2007 – the last class of the old curriculum – has so far had a promising start, with over 100 000 students registering for the supplementary exam in May and June this year.Pandor said that provincial education departments would be responsible for ensuring that these students were provided with extra-tuition at various venues, which the national department would support through the electronic and print media.DinalediPandor added that the number of Dinaledi schools, which offer mathematics and science at higher grade level and have qualified teachers involved in the project, had been increased to over 500, and that these schools had all been targeted for extra support.“We hope to see 50 000 maths passes from these schools at the end of this year,” she said.The Dinaledi schools initiative was launched in 2001 to address the urgent need to equip learners with mathematics and science skills, after the government identified it as essential to contributing to the country’s economic growth.The project aims to increase access to mathematics, science and technology and to promote and improve results for these subjects in underprivileged communities.An additional 800 maths and science teachers were recruited and have been appointed to these schools, and additional textbooks and other resources have been provided.“The private sector has been hugely supportive of these schools, and numerous donations and incentives have been provided,” Pandor said.National qualifications framework She added that the National Qualifications Framework Bill, together with consequential amendments to the Higher Education and General and Further Education Acts, would be gazetted for comment this week.The Skills Development Amendment Bill 2008 was also well advanced and would shortly be tabled by the Department of Labour for engagement with the social partners at National Economic Development and Labour Council.Pandor pointed out that the National Qualifications Framework would now consist of three distinct but closely inter-related qualification sub-frameworks under the South African Qualifications Authority.“These are the Higher Education Qualification Framework, the General and Further Education Qualifications Framework and the Trades and Occupations Qualifications Framework,” she said. “This underscores the belief that we learn throughout our life, and that this needs a structured framework to support and assist learners wherever they are.”Source: BuaNewslast_img read more