Annan welcomes nonaggression declaration between Afghanistan neighbours

A statement issued by a UN spokesman in New York said the Secretary-General called on the signatories of the Declaration on Good Neighbourly Relations – China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Afghanistan – “to do their utmost to respect the principles of territorial integrity and non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, and to work together to solve the problems of terrorism, political extremism and drug trafficking.”The Secretary-General also extended his congratulations to President Hamid Karzai and his government, as well as to the people of Afghanistan. “He expresses the hope that the Kabul Declaration will complement the Bonn Agreement to ensure a peaceful and prosperous future for Afghanistan and its neighbours,” the statement said.”At the same time, the Secretary-General believes that much progress remains to be achieved in Afghanistan, particularly in improving the security situation, as has been demonstrated by a number of recent incidents throughout the country,” the statement added. read more

Millions more children will have access to 5in1 vaccine through UNICEF supply

In Sao Paulo, Brazil, a young girl receives the HVP cervical cancer vaccine, given at public and private schools throughout the county and in the 36,000 vaccination centers of the national health system (March 2014). Photo: PAHO/WHO The vaccine, pentavalent, protects against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, and Haemophilus influenzae type B, all of which are potentially deadly infections. The doses will be distributed to transitioning countries and those supported by Gavi, the international organization that works with public and private sectors to bring vaccinations to children living in the world’s poorest countries. Since 2001, a strong collaboration between the Gavi Alliance Partners, which includes UNICEF, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and the World Health Organization (WHO), has generated great success. Pentavalent will now be available for about $0.84 a dosage, a price that is also available to governments that self-finance the procurement. The new pricing is expected to generate more than $366 million in savings for donors and governments. According to Shanelle Hall, Director of UNICEF’s supply and procurement headquarters, as many as 90 per cent of children under the age of five who die from vaccine-preventable diseases are currently living in countries where donors are no longer fully funding vaccination supplies. “For the most vulnerable children in the world, pricing can make a difference between life and death,” she stated in a news release.Dr. Seth Berkley, CEO of Gavi, says that the organization estimates about 5.7 million deaths will be avoided between 2011 and 2020, thanks to the pentavalent vaccine. “The market for five-in-one vaccines is now a lot healthier than it was just a few years ago thanks to our collective efforts to grow a base of vaccine supplies,” he said. He reaffirmed the organization’s commitment to improving vaccine markets in order to “ensure immunization investments and efforts are sustainable for all.” According to UNICEF, milestones such as these demonstrate the power of collaborative engagement to make vast improvements to children’s health. Between 2001 and 2015, UNICEF’s supply of pentavalent increased from 14.5 million to more than 235 million doses, due to an increase in demand from Gavi-supported countries. By carefully monitoring supply and demand in vaccine markets and engaging in consultations with vaccine manufacturers, experts have been able to determine how to maintain sufficient production levels and efficiencies of scale. The statement issued by UNICEF also acknowledged that broadening the supplier bases reduces a risk of supply shortages and other market constraints. The collaboration between UNICEF, Gavi, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation led to higher levels of donor funding, multi-year supplier contracts, better demand forecasts, and special contract terms that grew the pentavalent supplier base from one to six over the past 15 years. Prices have dropped as a result.Competition continues to grow as additional manufacturers become interested in supplying vaccinations to UNICEF. Since 2011, the organization has made available the prices of all of its vaccines, allowing manufacturers to see what their competitors charge; this in turn has brought about better offers. As of 2016, the price for donor-funded and government self-funding pentavalent vaccines was an average of $1.65 a dose. This year, UNICEF launched a phased approach to tendering, thanks to the competitive market and excess supply. First, the organization invited suppliers to submit a price proposal. After accepting the most competitive bids, it then launched a second request, which brought about improvements to the initial offers. This process allowed UNICEF to secure the current price of $0.84 a dose, the lowest ever pricing, while at the same time maintaining a healthy market supply over the long-term.Ms. Hall lauded today’s announcement, saying that it demonstrated “that partnerships can bring affordability and price sustainability to the table in supplier discussing, and this is transforming health outcomes for children.” read more