The Secrets Behind Apollo 11’s Success Are a Story All Their Own

first_imgThe story of the archival footage in Apollo 11 is only the tip of the iceberg — this restorative documentary had plenty of tricks up its sleeve.It’s no surprise that there are several impressive stories behind the actual story of Todd Douglas Miller’s latest, Apollo 11, which leapt out of the IMAX gate earlier this month and has now made its way into wider theatrical release (where it’s maintaining a scorching 100% at Rotten Tomatoes). The film is overwhelmingly beautiful, assembled entirely from archival footage, some of it sourced from 165 never-before-seen reels of 70mm Panavision film covering Apollo missions 8-13. And those reels were scanned on a prototype scanner capable of 8K resolution that moves the archival film on a cushion of air without ever touching it. And who wouldn’t cut a complete, nine-day edit of the mission to create an accurate timeline from which to cull a 90-minute feature documentary?The documentary (in addition to its impressive technical achievements), is a study in discovery, timing, and connections from the past — and the NASA hobbyists and superfans who had a part in bringing it all together. What’s not to love?At first, Miller hesitated to take on the project. As he said in a recent interview with Space.com, “It’s too much, it’s too saturated, who’s ever going to do something that’s new about Apollo 11?” And he’s not wrong — we all know this story inside and out. But he did take it on — “Little by little I kept getting drawn into it, late nights, and I really just fell in love with the story.”And that’s when the rabbit hole opened up.As Vanity Fair reported, Dan Rooney — the supervisory archivist for the NARA (National Archives and Records Administration) Motion Picture, Sound, and Video branch — informed Miller that of the 165 unexplored reels, 61 pertained directly to Apollo 11. And about that 70mm film? It was printed using Todd-AO process — a process that contact-printed 65mm negatives onto 70mm positives (originally designed to leave space on the film for a six-channel soundtrack). Also called 65/70, the Todd-AO process would later see use in Super Panavision 70, Ultra Panavision 70, and IMAX.The Todd-AO process was pretty hip in the ‘50s and ‘60s for grand, cinematic projects, but by the time Miller and Rooney were corresponding about the Apollo footage, NARA didn’t have the vintage projectors necessary to screen this footage and do anything with it.The Apollo 11 launch was in 1969, late in the Todd-AO lifecycle. So why did NASA use it? David Kamp, (Vanity Fair) has the answer:A couple of years before the Apollo 11 mission, NASA had put together a deal with MGM Studios and the filmmaker Francis Thompson, a pioneer in producing proto-Imax giant-screen documentaries, to make a picture that would tell the story of the entire Apollo program.But Thompson backed out only a few weeks before the Apollo 11 launch. So NASA struck a new deal with Thompson’s editor, Theo Kamecke, for what would ultimately become Moonwalk One (which The New York Times describes as “a strange combination of educational documentary and blissed-out philosophizing that opened in New York at the Whitney Museum in 1972.”). Surprise: it flopped, but that’s how we ended up with all those NASA reels in Todd-AO — much of it was simply left over, but some of it NASA shot for promotional/PR reasons. Though, as Kamp points out, there’s no one still alive at NASA who can say why.So Miller’s Apollo 11 post-production shop rigged up the custom scanner operation, and, finally, someone could watch the reels. The documentary isn’t entirely 70mm. There’s plenty of 16mm footage shot by NASA cameramen of ground control in action, but that footage was soundless. Which is where one of the NASA superfans comes in. Stephen Slater of Sheffield, England, amateur aerospace enthusiast and volunteer archivist, had taken it upon himself to painstakingly sync the audio from these recordings with the silent 16mm footage. (Fortuitously for Miller!)But the audio surprises don’t end there.As Ben Kenigsberg details for The New York Times, a fair deal of the 70mm footage in the documentary includes close-ups of the launch captured primarily for engineering purposes. It’s one of the film’s greatest strengths — seeing just how long it takes a Saturn V engine nozzle to fully pan up the screen, or just how much ice falls away during liftoff to shatter on the launch pad.But this footage was also silent. Fortunately, a team at the University of Texas at Dallas had just completed a years-long project to digitize over 10,000 hours of NASA audio recordings for the Apollo 11 mission across 60 channels. This audio included back-room loops and mission control chatter that not only detailed every passing moment of the mission, it also captured a few very human conversations — one or two of which appear notably in the film.But.These 10,000 hours were nigh unusable. Enter yet another passionate hobbyist doing the aeronautics and aviation worlds a solid — Ben Feist. Feist has a day job as a tech lead in Toronto, but in his spare time, he creates amazing passion projects like Apollo17.org, which aggregates “publicly available audio, transcripts, and moving and still images into an immersive ‘real-time mission experience’ of humankind’s most recent trip to the moon” (Kamp).So Feist wrote a program to turn all that unusable Apollo mission audio into usable material. In another stroke of good fortune for Miller, this meant that the public relations officers calling the event for the bandstands would serve as real-time narrators throughout the film, translating NASAese into something intelligible, and sparing Miller and his team from an inelegant voiceover track. According to Miller, “They’re amazingly witty, they dumb it down for people that don’t want all the math that goes on, and we could kind of choose when to highlight that” (Space.com).But there’s a final, fortuitous stroke in the Apollo 11 audio saga. NASA sent each astronaut with a cassette recorder for mission notes, but, in a classy move, NASA also made Aldrin, Armstrong, and Collins mixtapes for the long journey — tailored to each astronaut’s taste with fresh tracks supplied by music industry connections. All of the restorative audio work led to another discovery. On the night before the moon landing, Aldrin played John Stewart’s “Mother Country” on his cassette player, a folksy bit of Americana that served (then) as an appropriate ode the mission and (now) as a soundtrack to the documentary’s careful gravitas.No one had heard or seen this bit before, and when Miller and his team approached Stewart’s widow about featuring this scene and her late husband’s song in the documentary, she readily agreed because . . .She and her husband were friends with some Project Mercury astronauts in the ‘60s.Moral of the story? Always nail your audio, whatever it takes.All images via Statement Pictures.Looking for more on filmmaking and video production? Check out these articles.Insights into the Cinematography of the Award-Winning Doc-Series “Tales By Light”The Best Quotes from Directors, Editors, and Everything in BetweenIndustry Insights: The Ins and Outs of Working as a Script SupervisorThe Costume Design Behind Star Trek, House of Cards, and Greek WeddingThe Supervising Sound Editor You’ve Never Heard of Is Quietly Saving Movieslast_img read more

Senior Sales Reps Must Prospect

first_imgFor reasons no one can explain, in terms that make sense anyway, senior sales people are no longer required to prospect. Instead, the role of prospecting has been handed off to SDRs or BDRs or some other title that covers the role of prospecting, which is in practice is more qualification than opportunity creation. This is hurting sales organizations, hurting their clients, and hurting the senior reps who would all benefit from their own prospecting.No one is better prepared to create value for the prospective client than a senior salesperson. They have the most experience, the greatest business acumen, and the most finely tuned ability to help clients succeed in making change. Those clients are deprived of this experience and instead, their first experience is less than it should be, even when sales people who prospect do their very best to create value. Who has helped the most clients change their organization and produce better results? Who knows better how to open a conversation that leads to change?Less experienced reps are also being harmed by looking at more senior reps as models. They are learning that prospecting isn’t something that “real salespeople” do, and they mistakenly believe that being promoted means they will no longer have to create opportunities on their own, that this work will be beneath them. Younger, less experienced salespeople are looking up to see what success looks like. They are going to model what they see. Providing them with an example that allows them to believe that sales does not require prospecting to create opportunities is doing them a huge disservice.This is a fundamental misallocation of the senior sales person’s talent, one of the valuable resources in the sales organization. You want your best and most capable people on your best and most valuable targets. You want your A team playing the game with your A clients. It doesn’t make sense to apply what is perceived to be a cheaper resource to this work when the opportunities you need to create are strategic, high value, high visibility, and potentially transformative to your results. Get the Free eBook! Learn how to sell without a sales manager. Download my free eBook! You need to make sales. You need help now. We’ve got you covered. This eBook will help you Seize Your Sales Destiny, with or without a manager. Download Nowlast_img read more

5 Ways to Get Results During Your Job Search Through Positivity

first_imgJob search, akin to moving to a new town often is unfamiliar, disconcerting and frightening. In fact, it can turn confidence into insecurity, and polished poise into rough edges. It also can shift calmness into anger and patience into pushiness.Ways to positively channel this anxiety and energy abound and can be used to propel your search—and attitude—forward. Five such tips follow:1. Create a resume that is a mash of both marketing muscle and humility. Create this by teasing out a story rich, not only in the measurable results you achieved as an army of one, but also in the colorful and harmonious relationship threads you wove throughout your career. If written well, you hook the reader with a relatable, yet exhilarating theme and win them over with your likeability and problem solving finesse. You prove yourself as both a decisive leader and a collaborative partner.2. Join the conversation on social media. When you read someone’s blog, you comment, and then personally tweet or share their content. You add value and positivity to the conversation and humbly admit that you learned something you did not know before.You don’t permit your overwhelm with and anxiety from job search to spill over into anger, negativity, insults and/or know-it-all attitudes on blogging sites, Twitter conversations or Facebook exchanges. If you find yourself swaying toward off-putting online sharing, you seek out a healthier outlet, such as exercise or spending time with good friends who will be private sounding boards for your angst.3. Netweave your way into referrals and opportunities. You give first and don’t expect something in return. You share your value in a way that demonstrates your talents, and you articulate your target goals in a way that equips your net of relationships to know how and when to refer you to others.You don’t push people for networking referrals or job recommendations, but if an opportunity presents itself, you act upon it. If someone makes an introduction to a particular person or opportunity, you follow up, even if you aren’t 100% convinced you are interested. You exude respectfulness, and a dash of humility, consistently.4. Stay focused on your goals. Even if you aren’t certain of your focus, go out and find it. You do this by reading career advice content and being introspective. You also may need to seek out help from others who can objectively support your initiative to zero in on a specific target audience and their needs. In job search, knowing what type of company, industry and job you seek is extremely vital to a healthy outcome.While the process of finding a job may frustrate you because it seems like yet another job, embracing that process can actually help convert those unconstructive feelings into momentum. Embracing the process exudes itself in positivity and a more humbly confident attitude than if you carry a chip on your shoulder.5. Realize and embrace your value. Whether you have a track record of one year, five years or 25 years’ work experience, you value yourself and the experience and skills you offer. However, whatever your credentials, you don’t use them as an excuse for arrogance and total independence. We all experience interdependence at different phases of our careers and lives, and job search often brings the most independent, self sufficient personalities to their humble knees.Unassumingly embrace uncertainty and become more comfortable with being uncomfortable. Similar to moving into a new town where you know no one, put on your most pleasant “face” and be nice to others to get acclimated. Accept help when others offer to show you around and introduce you into their fold. Warm up to invitations to connect; appeal to people’s helping natures and say “thank you,” regularly.last_img read more

Man Utd ready to deal in trialist Aliou Badara Traore

first_imgManchester United are on the brink of signing French prospect Aliou Badara Traore.L’Equipe says the midfielder is on the verge of agreeing terms at Old Trafford for a three-year deal.The 16-year-old midfielder has captained France at Under-17 level and was also being scouted by Manchester City and Juventus.Jose Mourinho is already aware of what Traore can do after he scored for United in an under-17 game against Burnley earlier this year when he was on trial with the club.The PSG academy graduate spent last season playing on loan at amateur side Sarcelles.last_img read more

​West Ham takes on RB Leipzig for Caen starlet Karamoh

first_imgWest Ham United are going head to head with RB Leipzig for the signature of Caen winger Yann Karamoh.The 18-year old burst onto the scene last season in Ligue One, scoring 5 goals and providing 4 assists. The Frenchman is highly rated and was being pursued by Monaco before they signed Barcelona’s Jordi Mboula.Hammers boss Slaven Bilic is hopeful of taking advantage of the current wave of talent flowing out of France.The east London club are reportedly prepared to offer Caen £8.75m for Karamoh’s services.last_img read more

​Barcelona confirm buy-back of Everton winger Deulofeu

first_imgBarcelona have activated the buy-back clause for Everton winger Gerard Deulofeu.The Spanish club have released the statement stating: “In the following days, the terms will be agreed with both Everton and the player. Deulofeu’s contract will run until 30 June 2019”.The fee is reported to be around €12 million and was part of the transfer when the 23 year old joined Everton permanently in the summer of 2015.In January this year he moved to Milan on loan as he wasn’t part of boss Ronald Koeman’s plans.last_img read more

Internship Opportunity to Research the Use of the NASG to Prevent Maternal Death in Zambia

first_img ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read: Conduct rigorous, relevant and timely research resulting in new and applicable knowledgeReduce pregnancy related death and disabilityEnsure maternal survival through principles of respect, dignity and equalityCreate direct and practical links from research to policy to implementationTrain health care workers in low-resource settingsRaise community awareness of maternal healthDisseminate information and innovations globally DeliverablesWeekly reports on progress, participation in weekly calls/Skype with Project Coordinator are expected. Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG)In many poor countries women deliver at home, often without skilled attendants or at clinics with limited services available.  If complications arise and a woman bleeds heavily, one, two or all of the “three delays” (Thaddeus and Maine, 1994) may impede her ability to access timely treatment.  Many women do not survive these delays.  In recognition of the direct and indirect root causes of maternal death and disability, the Safe Motherhood Program works to ensure all women have an equitable opportunity to survive childbirth.A major research effort of the Safe Motherhood Program, the NASG is a low-technology and low cost life-saving device used to treat shock, resuscitate, stabilize and prevent further bleeding in women with obstetric hemorrhage (www.lifewraps.org).  Use of the NASG as part of standard management of shock and hemorrhage has demonstrated promising outcomes for women in low-resource settings, where appropriate health care providers and technologies are limited or non-existent.  To date, NASG use has reduced maternal mortality and morbidity by over 50%.Internship OpportunityTo build upon the early and promising data, a randomized cluster trial is underway in Zambia and Zimbabwe.  Specifically, the trial addresses the question of whether the early application of the NASG at midwife-led maternity clinics, before transport to a Referral Hospital, will decrease maternal mortality and morbidity.The internship will take place in the Copper-belt of Zambia and support the start-up of the randomized control trial of the NASG in 24 midwifery-led maternity clinics.  The intern(s) (2 or more interns are needed) will work with the clinics during their transition from Phase 2 study (women with obstetrical complications transported to referral facility) to Phase 3 of the research study (women with obstetrical complications transported to referral facility in the NASG).  Specific activities will include: Observing clinical procedures at the clinics and supporting clinical protocol adherence, observing data collection and supporting research protocol adherence, helping/training data collectors become familiar with data collection forms, matching data collection forms begun at the clinic with data collection forms completed at the referral facilities, supervising cleaning and completion of data collection forms, and training new providers (midwives, residents, medical officers) in the addition of the NASG to emergency response for hemorrhage.The intern(s) will receive mentorship and supervision from the Safe Motherhood team members both in Zambia and in the US during the field experience. QualificationsProfessional degree, graduate student or junior faculty in the health or social sciences (such as medicine, nursing, public health, anthropology, sociology, etc.)Previous experience in health or social science researchKnowledge of global sexual and reproductive health, maternal health preferredAbility to work well with partnersFlexibility and willingness to travelHighest preference for those with some midwifery/obstetric experience or those who have worked on field-based research projectsTimelineThe internship requires a minimum eight-week commitment (Fall 2010 – Winter 2011) to live and work in Zambia.  Preference will be given to applicants who can remain in Zambia longer than 8-weeks.Expression of InterestTo apply for the internship, please send a current resume and cover letter to Ms. Elizabeth Butrick (ebutrick@globalhealth.ucsf.edu) with copy to Ms. Jennifer Clark (JClark@globalhealth.ucsf.edu) by August 15, 2010.For more information on the use of the NASG (specifically the LifeWrap), check out a recent guest post from the Director of the Safe Motherhood Project, Suellen Miller, on the Maternal Health Task Force’s new MedScape blog, GlobalMama. (You will need to register with MedScape. Registration is free.)Also, take a look at www.lifewrap.org for additional information about LifeWraps. Share this: Working with distinguished colleagues in a variety of countries, the Safe Motherhood Program has the knowledge, skills, vision, technology, and energy to make a real difference in the advancement of women’s reproductive health throughout the world. Posted on July 1, 2010July 14, 2014Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)The application process is now closed for this position. (7/22/10)The Safe Motherhood Program at UCSF is accepting applications for an upcoming internship opportunity in the Copper-belt of Zambia. The intern(s) (2 or more interns are needed) will support the start-up of a randomized control trial of the Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment (NASG) in 24 midwifery-led clinics as a low-tech and low-cost life-saving method for treating shock, resuscitating, stabilizing and preventing further bleeding in women with obstetric hemorrhage.See below for background information on the Safe Motherhood Program and the use of the NASG–as well as details on the internship including expected deliverables, qualifications, timeline, and information on how to apply. BackgroundThe mission of Safe Motherhood Program at the University of California, San Francisco, is to prevent maternal deaths by promoting women’s health and human rights.   This international research program is part of the UCSF Bixby Center for Global Reproductive Health, which engages in the advancement of new reproductive health technologies and development of innovative programs to improve reproductive health.  The Safe Motherhood Program is also a member of the Women’s Health and Empowerment Center of Expertise (COE), one of three centers within the University of California Global Health Institute.  The primary goals of the Safe Motherhood Program are to:last_img read more

From the International Herald Tribune: In Asia, a New University for Women and the Status of Women in Academia

first_img ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read: Posted on November 27, 2012August 15, 2016Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)The International Herald Tribune, the New York Times’ global edition, recently ran a number of stories in the Female Factor section of the IHT that explore educational and professional opportunities and challenges for women across Asia.One story, University Caters to the Deprived, describes a new university (opened in 2008) in Bangladesh that is providing university-level education to women from low-resource settings across Asia.From the story:Nearly all of the students come from deprived backgrounds. Their room, board and education costs — which total about $15,000 a year — are covered by donations. Most of the students would not be here without the funding and the university’s female-only admissions policy.They come from a dozen countries as varied as Cambodia, Sri Lanka, China, Myanmar, India and, of course, Bangladesh, where the university is located. They practice many religions and speak 33 languages……Ms. Wangmo, who had to walk several kilometers to submit her application, is the first woman from her village to attend a university……Taslima Khanam, who attends the Asian University for Women and is from Chittagong, is studying public health with the goal of helping the government of Bangladesh combat medical issues.Read the full story here.Another story, Philippines Leads Pack in Promoting Female Academics, explores the role of women, as well as the challenges they face, in academia throughout Asia–and highlights the Philippines as, in large part, a success story.From the story:Of more than 2,100 higher education institutions in the Philippines, 39 percent, or 850 institutions, were led by women in 2011, she said, citing figures from the Commission on Higher Education.“In the Philippines there’s general acceptance or recognition of women’s ability to assume leadership positions, in higher education especially,” said Dr. Roman, 63, who was the university’s first female president. “Men are no longer threatened by women leaders.”But Dr. Roman and her countrywomen are relatively rare examples of women reaching academia’s upper echelons in Asia, a region dominated by much lower levels of female participation in administrative and research roles.Read the full story here.Read more from the International Herald Tribune’s Female Factor.Share this:last_img read more

The Burden of Infertility in Nigeria: Raising Visibility to Promote Equitable Access to Care

first_img ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read: Posted on April 6, 2017April 17, 2017By: Kingsley Agholor, Consultant Gynecologist, Central Hospital, Warri, NigeriaClick to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)In low-resource settings such as Nigeria, accessing basic assisted reproductive technology treatments can be challenging or impossible for many couples who want to conceive. Many fear the negative consequences of childlessness resulting from societal pressure. Couples who cannot conceive often experience emotional and psychological trauma. Sadly, societal norms dictate that the woman is the cause of the infertility, ignoring male infertility. Infertility comes at a high price financially, emotionally and physically for many couples in Nigeria.The prevalence of infertility is generally higher in sub-Saharan Africa compared to most other regions. Given the poverty that exists in Nigeria, where 92.4% of the population live on less than 2 USD a day, the high cost of infertility treatments is associated with a significant risk of catastrophic health expenditure. For example, tubal disease, which is the most common cause of infertility in Nigeria, is best treated with in-vitro fertilization (IVF), and one cycle of IVF in Nigeria costs an average of 3,289 USD. This out-of-pocket payment has the potential to create or exacerbate poverty.Evidence suggests that many women discontinue treatment for financial reasons. In desperation, some have sought cheaper care from traditional healers such as “mamas that rub.” Mamas that rub are generally untrained providers who use herbal medicines and abdominal massage, a technique that is not supported by scientific evidence for infertility treatment, exploiting and deceiving their patients. This type of care can be dangerous for a woman’s health: Some researchers have suggested a link between abdominal massage and maternal mortality in Nigeria. Further evidence suggests that male traditional healers have sexually exploited women seeking infertility treatments.Universal access to health care has been shown to offer protection against the financial hardship that results from ill health, as illustrated by its inclusion in the Sustainable Development Goals. Unfortunately, the absence of functional health insurance schemes in many states of Nigeria is a major barrier for couples trying to conceive continue to face challenges. Infertility care is excluded from the list of services offered in the states where health insurance schemes are currently operating and in the National Health Insurance Scheme. Thus, many couples who are struggling financially are forced to pay out-of-pocket.Data from Quebec, Canada have demonstrated that universal coverage of IVF resulted in increased access to IVF treatments and reduced costs. Similar results were obtained in Belgium, where patients benefited from financial reimbursement for six cycles of assisted reproductive technology treatments. Insurance mandates have been found to significantly improve the utilization of effective and safe infertility treatments in some parts of the United States as well.There is a need to raise the visibility of infertility within the maternal health care field. People in Nigeria, other low-resource settings and all over the world deserve equitable access to infertility care. Everyone has a right to enjoy the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health—and this right extends to the ability to make reproductive choices for oneself and one’s family.—Learn more about infertility around the globe.Subscribe to receive the newest MHTF blog posts in your inbox.Share this:last_img read more

Profiles of Maternal and Newborn Health in Humanitarian Settings: 2015 Nepal Earthquake

first_img ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read: Posted on August 17, 2017April 24, 2018By: Kayla McGowan, Project Coordinator, Women and Health Initiative, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; Sarah Hodin, Project Coordinator II, Women and Health Initiative, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public HealthClick to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Read part 1 of this series>>Natural disasters and maternal healthNatural disasters can be detrimental to families, communities and entire regions, disproportionately affecting the most vulnerable groups. Due to biological, social, cultural and reproductive health differences, disasters do not affect men and women in the same way. Women and children often bear the greatest burden, especially when natural disasters occur in low-resource settings.During the immediate response phase, natural disasters have resulted in pregnancy and birth complications including maternal mental health issues, breastfeeding challenges and poor perinatal health outcomes. Post-disaster, women in particular may be prone to sexual violence, sexually transmitted infections and inadequate access to family planning and high quality antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum care. The long-term effects of disaster on maternal and newborn health can be substantial as families recover from physical and emotional trauma and reallocate finances from health expenses to rebuilding their homes.The 2015 earthquake in NepalThe Nepal earthquake of 2015, also called the Gorkha earthquake, exemplified the widespread effects of natural disasters on maternal and newborn health. On 25 April 2015, a severe earthquake occurred near the city of Kathmandu in central Nepal, killing an estimated 9,000 people and injuring thousands more. About two-and-a-half weeks later, a strong aftershock that struck about 50 miles from Kathmandu killed over 100 people and injured nearly 2,000.Amid considerable progress in reducing maternal mortality in recent decades, the state of sexual, reproductive, maternal and newborn health in Nepal suffered severely after the earthquake. In the country’s 14 hardest hit districts, 1.4 million women and girls of reproductive age were affected by the earthquake, and an estimated 126,000 pregnant women were among the survivors.A vulnerable context for maternal and newborn healthFacilities providing essential maternal health care sustained extensive damage following the earthquake, which contributed to overcrowding at hospitals and poor health outcomes. The earthquake destroyed over 80% of health facilities in affected districts, which likely exacerbated Nepal’s existing low rates of facility-based delivery and skilled birth attendance.Additionally, damage to primary health care facilities and birthing centers, which can serve as a first contact point for women seeking maternal health services, further limited the availability of basic obstetric care. The effects of the earthquake also disrupted access to comprehensive emergency obstetric and neonatal care.The natural disaster took a toll on maternal mental health amidst Nepal’s preexisting shortage of mental health care providers. Women who were pregnant during the earthquake reported being fearful that it may have damaged their fetuses and remained concerned about the living conditions their newborns would face. Many living in poorly-insulated structures in relocation camps post-earthquake feared that their infants and children were exposed to dangerously cold temperatures at night, leaving them vulnerable to poor health outcomes.Exclusive breastfeeding practices—which have important implications for both maternal and newborn health—may have suffered following the earthquake as well. Some women living in relocation camps throughout the Kathmandu Valley area expressed concerns about not producing enough breast milk. This perception, along with the typical rise in donations of breast milk substitutes during humanitarian emergencies and unrestricted distribution of such products, may have led to an increase in formula feeding.As Stephanie Kayden, Chief of the Division of International Emergency Medicine and Humanitarian Program at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, reflects,“Many people who respond to humanitarian crises simply don’t prepare for the needs of pregnant women. I’ve seen earthquake field hospitals staffed with orthopedists and neurosurgeons, but no one who could do a cesarean section for obstructed labor. Women don’t stop having babies during disasters.”An opportunity for the futureResearchers have noted that the period following natural disasters such as the 2015 Nepal earthquake serves as an opportunity to expand universal health coverage, rebuild better health facilities and strengthen the capacity of skilled birth attendants. Promoting health system resilience by investing in earthquake-resistant structures and developing evidence-based disaster response plans is crucial. Implementing community-based interventions and enhancing health worker training are also promising approaches for improving maternal and newborn health in the wake of natural disasters.—Read [Part 3] Profiles of Maternal and Newborn Health in Humanitarian Settings: Conflict in SyriaShare this:last_img read more

Member of the week: Jim Manning, children’s entertainer

first_imgWe are proud to announce our first member of the week from outside New York City. His name is Jim Manning and he’s a freelancer in Boston, Massachusetts. Jim is a children’s entertainer at birthday parties, but he’s a world away from that clichéd clown or magician you remember. Jim has four unique themes from which his clients choose–including Superhero Training and Jungle Jim’s Safari Adventure. In the photos on his website, you can clearly see the delight he brings to the children he entertains. Learn more about Jim below and in his Yellow Pages profile (and keep him in mind when your kid’s birthday is coming up!).1.** **What has been your most interesting project?I would say my most interesting project has been the development of my Jungle Jim character. I first decided to become a professional children’s entertainer while traveling through Australia. I was making balloon animals for Aboriginal children in the Outback when it occurred to me that this was what I should do full time. I came back to the States having planned on starting the business, and the Jungle Jim character seemed a natural fit. It started out simply, grew slowly with costuming and character development, and then grew exponentially into the basis and spirit of a whole company. I’ve finally learned to do what I love, and the power and beauty that come with that inspires me daily.2. Why did you decide to go freelance?I think it a lot to do with who I am, and what I’m trying to be. I grew frustrated trying to fit into a mold that I didn’t belong to (nor desired to belong to). I wanted something that every day I woke up excited and passionate about. The best year of my life was spent in the South as a team leader for the AmeriCorps* National Civilian Community Corps. It wasn’t always easy (in fact it never was), but every day I woke up knowing that what I did that day would make a difference, and that the people my team and I helped were left for the better. I wanted to recapture that feeling. Granted, one might argue about how much of a difference a children’s entertainer can make, but this is what I do best, and I try and contribute to the betterment of my clients’ lives, especially their children. Being freelance not only allows me that wonderful freedom in my day, it allows me to reach out in ways not possible with a corporate job.3. What tip would you give to a new freelancer or someone who is considering going freelance?I would suggest researching your field to the umpteenth degree. There is always something to learn, always something you can do to improve your craft, whatever that craft may be. You also have to keep in mind that inasmuch as you may be an artist, you also need to be a businessperson as well. If that is a weak point for you, you need to make it a strong point, even if it means spending a Sunday afternoon curled up on the couch with the tax code. Marketing is key, as it does not matter how good of an artist you are, if people cannot find you, you will not work. Lastly, have humility, for you are not the only one out there plying your trade, nor are you necessarily the best, no matter what Mom or your college professor may have told you. Be smart enough to learn from those who’ve gone before you, since they’ve already made numerous journeys down the path which you have barely touched upon.**4. **What is your favorite spot in the city in which you live?My favorite spot in Boston is Titus Sparrow Park. It’s near my house, so I often play guitar and/or make balloon animals for children there. Kids from all over come to play (with mothers or nannies or neither) and the cross-section of the population is pretty cool. People walk their dogs there, kids play basketball, old people play tennis, teenagers stare at each other, new moms complain to each other, older moms nod knowingly, twenty-somethings chat on their cell phones, thirty-somethings turn off their cell phones, and forty-somethings curse their cell-phones. The kids inspire me, everyone else amuses me, and I’m happy to be part of the throng.**5. **What is your inspiration?My inspiration is when I give a good party, and children chase me down the street, since they’ve enjoyed themselves so much they don’t want me to leave. I’m inspired when a parent calls me and asks my availability for a particular weekend since their child has not stopped talking about so-and-so’s birthday party for six weeks, and they know of no other way to get Cameron or Dawn to change the subject. I’m inspired when parents murmur to each other in the background when I have complete command of the toughest audience (8-year old boys), and can actually get them to listen to me. My clients, who are less than four feet tall, inspire me.last_img read more

5 Budgeting Tips for Singles

first_imgIt doesn’t matter whether you make $20,000 per year or $200,000 per year. Having a budget will improve your life in the long term.Unfortunately, the term “budgeting” makes people think of limiting their fun and restricting their choices, but if you take the holistic view, budgeting actually helps relieve constraints and increase life choices.The financial needs of single people differ from the needs of couples and families, and the needs of single parents obviously differ from those of the single person without dependents.However, there are several solid budgeting principles that apply to single people of all ages, incomes, and life situations, like these five.1. Building an Emergency Fund is CriticalConventional wisdom says you need half a year’s worth of living expenses socked away for emergencies, but keep in mind that the higher your salary, the longer it generally takes to find a comparable job.According to the Boston Globe, a general rule of thumb is that it takes one month of job search for every $10,000 you were earning.Place emergency funds where they can be accessed quickly and without penalty if you need them. Money market accounts and high-interest savings accounts are good choices.Start your emergency fund even if you can only spare a few dollars monthly.Any emergency savings is better than none, and if you use direct deposit you’ll be surprised at how little you miss the money you set aside.Adhere the 50/20/30 rule of budgeting to easily build your personal emergency fund over time.2. Assess Your Need for Life InsuranceIf you are a single parent, you need life insurance in the amount of at least ten times your annual salary. Young, healthy people generally pay low premiums.If you don’t have dependents, but worry that a family member would be burdened by burial and legal costs if you were to die, then you should consider purchasing a term life insurance policy in an amount sufficient to deal with your estate and burial.Lifehacker has some informative guidelines for determining how much life insurance you need.3. Start Saving for Retirement as Soon as PossibleIf you’re a young single person, start saving for retirement now.When you start saving for retirement in your twenties, you set yourself up for a far more comfortable retirement than if you start in your thirties.Furthermore, as a younger investor, you can take more risk with your 401K portfolio than older people can, and should some of your risks not pay off, you still have plenty of time to recover.If your employer matches 401K contributions, do not pass up this opportunity.Those 401K matching benefits are the closest thing you’ll get to free money, and they really add to your personal wealth over the decades.4. Use Bi-Weekly Paychecks to Your AdvantageIf you are paid bi-weekly, you have another easy opportunity to boost your savings.Rather than depositing money into savings at the beginning or end of each month, have savings automatically withdrawn from your paycheck.Chances are you won’t miss it, and at the end of the year you’ll essentially have an extra month’s worth of savings in the bank since you have 26 pay periods in a year.If you buy a house and can arrange bi-weekly mortgage payments, it’s also a terrific way to pare down that principal over the years.5. Never Assume that Marriage Will Fix Your FinancesDon’t think of single life as a precursor to “real” life that involves getting married and having children.Manage your money effectively as a single person, and don’t ever get into the mindset of, “I’ll budget when I’m married.”The financial habits you develop now can have an enormous influence on how you manage money should you marry and have a family.Going into marriage with an emergency savings account, a thriving 401K and limited debt makes the future brighter for both partners.Real life is right now. Don’t put off adult responsibilities until you have a ring on your finger.Some single people, particularly very young ones, mistakenly think budgeting is unnecessary if they keep the bills up to date and don’t abuse their credit.However, the financial habits you develop as a young adult have a massive impact on your future.Budgeting now will make life easier should you buy a house, get married, or have children, and it can make the difference between a comfortable retirement and a retirement that requires a lot of sacrifices.Mary Hiers is a personal finance writer who helps people earn more and spend less. Post navigation Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Relatedlast_img read more

From Clutter to Confidence: Get Organized in 2016

first_img Post navigation January is National Get Organized Month, which makes sense since getting organized ranks as the second most popular resolution after losing weight. Why should you make 2016 your most clutter-free year yet?Nadine Levy, professional organizer and owner of Management 180 Consulting, says “Spending time in an organized environment is not only aesthetically pleasing, it promotes a sense of calm. When you know what you have, and where you keep it, you will save time and money. Organized finances can give an individual more confidence in where he or she stands financially, which increases the ability to make informed decisions.”Levy has also seen a new trend in organizing overall. “Instead of focusing on a specific room or closet, many people are approaching the way they are living their life with a more simplistic perspective.” She adds, “They are overly stressed about all of their commitments, deadlines, and where to put the mass accumulation of stuff that they thought they had to have.”So where do you start when it comes to organizing your life and personal finances? Here are some words of wisdom from professionals to help you achieve a clear mind for the rest of the year.Understand where you areIt’s a new year, so it’s the perfect time to take a step back and be honest about where you stand with your finances. Use 2016 as a bit of a reset button – did you not budget enough last year? Didn’t save as much as you wanted? You can use tools like Mint to help you stick to those financial resolutions you’ve set AND keep yourself honest and organized when it comes to your money.Start with what you know“A busy family knows they have sports and after school commitments during particular times of the year. Put it in a master calendar,” says professional accountability partner, April Welch. “As we start a new year, we all know there are loose ends we need to wrap up to prepare for big moments throughout the year, including tax season and the holidays.” Planning ahead financially for things you already know are coming can give you confidence and help to eliminate chaos.Practice the “one in, one out” method When your children get new toys for birthdays or holidays, have them choose an old or broken toy to donate or recycle. Same with clothing or anything you own for that matter. When you buy a new piece of clothing, consider donating an old one that you never wear and keep the donation receipt in your tax folder. To help you weed out unused garments, hang everything in your closet on hangers facing toward you. When you wear an item, return it with the hangers facing away. After a year, all the hangers facing toward you are holding clothes you haven’t worn in over a year. Safe to say, if you have not worn something in a year, it’s time to give it to someone who can use it.Deal with incoming clutter as soon it enters your home Identify the place where mail, work papers, or children’s school papers are most likely to land, and set up a “command center” there. File papers you want to keep or need for tax purposes. Put any paper bills in a “to be paid” folder near your computer or with your checkbook and pay them as they come in to eliminate growing pilesOr go green and opt in to paperless billing methods – many bank, credit card and payment services offer free paperless options for you to pay bills, receive statements and more. Opting into these programs not only keeps you organized by eliminating clutter, they also can help with monthly notifications so you won’t ever be late making a payment and can plan ahead.Set up a system for computer files“There has been a huge increase in people feeling like they are drowning from their digital footprint. A life event such as misplacing a PDF for a tax write-off is generally the catalyst for the desire to improve,” says Welch. Don’t delay. Organize downloaded files right away! Set up specific folders on your desktop for different priorities and make a point to save files in them once you receive them. Avoid late payments on bills by signing up for Mint Bills where you get due date reminders and pay bills right from the app.Join an organization challengeThere are many books and online resources that offer step-by-step or weekly guides. My current favorite is the 40 Weeks 1 Whole House Challenge (current task: organize your calendar!). Find the parts of the challenge that apply to your life and practice them all year long. But don’t beat yourself up if it doesn’t work for you, you can always try a different one.Reach out for helpThere’s no shame in hiring a pro to help you conquer organization and creating systems that will work for you.If hiring a professional is cost prohibitive and not where you can spare your hard earned dollars, Welch suggests enlisting a friend to help. Invite a friend over to keep you company and accountable while you get organized.The key to having an organized life is sticking with your system once you have it in place.“Utilizing systems and clearly defined processes saves time, which allows more time to do the things you love,” says Levy.Kim Tracy Prince is a freelance writer in Los Angeles who lives with a husband, two little boys, and one cat. She is an organization junkie. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Relatedlast_img read more

9 Eating Myths That People Shouldn’t Like on Facebook

first_img“Drinking coffee is bad for your health.” — this is what we sometimes read on Facebook, we like the post, and then we decide to give up this “bad” habit and stop drinking 3-4 cups a day. But should we? Scientists have proven that 3 cups of coffee a day lowers the risk of developing dementia, and 5 cups a day protects you from Alzheimer’s.We shouldn’t believe all the advice we read on the Internet because it’s not always based on scientific research. Here are 9 myths about good nutrition that many people believe because of their popularity.We have collected the most popular misconceptions. Every single one of them was checked by scientists and proven wrong.Myth № 1. All diets are evilStatement: A diet is a regimented eating schedule that’s not good for your body.Fact: The results of studies say that not all diets are harmful: for example, the Mediterranean diet is effective. This diet is based on vegetables, fruit, seafood, beans, and olive oil. This type of nutrition can decrease the risk of prostate cancer by 10%, breast cancer by 15%, and colon cancer by 25%.Another diet which has been scientifically proven to be healthy is the Nordic diet. It’s based on fish, vegetables, and cereals. There are some limitations on eating desserts and meat.Scientists also recommend that doctors prompt their patients to follow these diets because this is a way for people to reduce their chances of getting heart disease. Not all diets are bad. Just make sure that you are basing your chosen diet on scientific research.Myth № 2. Milk makes bones and teeth strongerStatement: Milk contains calcium which is strenghtening for teeth and bones. And, it helps you avoid breaking bones.Fact: For 20 years, scientists have been doing a study of 1.2 million people and have come to this conclusion: if you drink milk every day, it doesn’t influence your bone density, it doesn’t lower your risk of breaking them, and it doesn’t prevent osteoporosis. To avoid osteoporosis, you should add 800-1000 mg of vitamin D to your diet. Vitamins are more effective for your bones than milk.Myth № 3. Drinking too much coffee is harmfulStatement: Drinking a lot of coffee is unhealthy because it dehydrates the body.Fact: 3 cups of coffee a day lowers the risk of developing dementia by 25%, and 5 cups a day protects you from Alzheimer’s. Caffiene has neuroprotective functions: it decreases anxiety and improves memory. Scientists have also learned that coffee doesn’t dehydrate you. You can drink up to 4 cups of coffee a day, and still maintain a fluid balance in the body. Coffee actually helps the brain work better and stay healthy.Myth № 4. Spicy foods only hurt the stomachStatement: Spicy foods hurt the stomach, and should be avoided.Fact: Hot red chili pepper lowers mortality by 13%. Spices increase the digestion of fats, which protects the body from obesity, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and diabetes type 2. Spices also improve the microflora of the intestines, reduce inflammation, and work as antioxidants. Spicy foods are beneficial for the stomach. Of course, this doesn’t mean you can eat a pound of pepper per day.Myth № 5. Popcorn is unhealthy fast foodStatement: Popcorn is just “empty calories.” It’s the same french fries.Fact: Pure popcorn without any supplements is a whole wheat product. It’s rich in polyphenol which is a powerful antioxidant. It protects the body from atherosclerosis, diabetes, and prevents it from raising cholesterol levels. Popcorn contains more antioxidants than vegetables and fruit.Myth № 6. Eating often and in small portions is goodStatement: If you eat often, you make your metabolism faster, your appetite decrease, and you lose weight.Fact: Scientists compared the bodies of people who eat 3 and 6 times a day. The difference in fats wasn’t found, so there’s no advantage in terms of losing weight. But the appetite was higher in the person who ate 6 times a day. So, if you eat often, but in small portions, it can influence your appetite and your weight in a negative way.Myth № 7. Coconut oil is better that other kinds of oilStatement: Coconut oil has unique features, which make it a superfood that can be substituted for a lot of other foods.Fact: Coconut oil is 90% saturated fat. Just to give you some perspective, butter has only 64%, and beef or pork — just 40%. A high level of saturated fats is bad for health. Studies don’t show any connection between coconut oil and a lower risk of cardiovascular diseases. So, don’t eat too much of it.Myth № 8. Brown rice contains a lot of mineralsStatement: Brown rice contains a huge number of useful minerals so it’s better than white rice.Fact: Brown rice is the same as white rice but just not processed completely. It still has the shell. It does contain some minerals, but may also contain non-organic arsenic, which comes from the the rice fields. Brown rice may contain 80% more arsenic than white — because the chemical is found in the shell. So, eating a lot of brown rice is actually not safe.Myth № 9. You can drink as much green tea as you wantStatement: Green tea lowers the risk of developing different types of cancer. It’s a powerful antioxidant, so you can drink it in unlimited amounts.Fact: The chemicals that green tea contains can actually be toxic to your liver in large amounts. It’s not recommended to drink more than 4 cups a day. Also, because green tea can’t treat all diseases, do not drink it instead of water.Sourcelast_img read more

The Future of Fresh Water

first_imgThis article was originally posted on Pacific Standard.When it comes to water, there is often too little or too much. Climate change and growing demand will likely magnify those extremes.While there is no way to predict exactly what the world’s water resources will look like in the future, World Resources Institute has mapped future water-risk scenarios based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s projections for climate change and socioeconomic development. This glimpse of the future is designed to help governments, businesses, financial institutions, and other international organizations take steps to mitigate risk.Water stress — the measure of demand relative to supply in a given place — will likely increase rapidly across the globe in the next few decades, as more people compete for ever more limited surface-water supplies.When people think about water stress, they often think of major changes in supplies — years-long droughts, or dry monsoon seasons. Such events will play a significant part, and their consequences will be severe. What we’ve found, though, is that rapidly growing demand for water actually drives the greatest increases in water stress.Demand and SupplyMajor climate-driven shortages in water supply, where they do occur, will be concentrated around mid-latitude regions. These lie between the equator and the 30-degree north and south latitude lines, and extend to North Africa, southern Texas, and China in the Northern Hemisphere, and northern Chile, Argentina, and South Africa in the Southern Hemisphere.Many variables affect precipitation patterns, and decision-makers must plan for a wide range of possible outcomes. Both a 30 percent increase and a 30 percent decrease in surface-water supply within the next three decades, for example, are in the realm of possibility in areas including Southern California, according to climate models. The only sure thing is more extremes, and more unpredictability.If rainfall does decline over the coming decades in these areas, critical irrigation sources could dry up, leaving subsistence farmers hungry and governments facing millions of citizens dependent on emergency aid to survive. South Africa, Angola, Ethiopia, and Zimbabwe were among the African nations facing emergency situations after an extended El Niño- influenced drought in late 2015 and early 2016. Energy and municipal water supply sectors face critical risks as well. Hydropower plants in places like Brazil could be forced into production cuts because their reservoirs are too low, destabilizing the electrical supply for millions — a risk São Paulo faced during its historic drought in 2014 and 2015.StressThe regions at highest risk for future water stress are clustered around these areas: the Mediterranean, the Middle East, western North America, eastern Australia, western Asia, northern China, and Chile. The emerging middle class in developing countries is expected to double by 2025, with an associated lifestyle that demands far more water. Water withdrawals for energy production are expected to increase by about 20 percent between 2010 and 2035, but consumption will rise by a more dramatic 85 percent.Population growth will be staggering in some regions. A 69 percent increase in food is needed to close an anticipated gap between current calories available and future calories needed. Agriculture already accounts for 70 percent of water withdrawals globally. And in many places where large- scale irrigated agriculture takes place, demand is already outstripping supply.Looking AheadIf leaders are to take steps before a crisis hits, they will need better and more sophisticated water data. Improved data would also allow stakeholders to hold governments and businesses accountable for their water management. Continuing technological innovation, such as new membrane technology to reduce the cost of treating saline water, is also essential.Demand-driven future water stress, in particular, can be managed. Australia, which suffered a severe 15-year “Millennium Drought” starting in the 1990s, for example, rapidly implemented demand-reduction measures that more than halved per-capita residential water use. A new water-trading program increased the efficiency of agricultural production in the Murray-Darling River basin, the country’s agricultural lifeline.Population growth and climate change are creating a new, more challenging world. Let’s be ready.last_img read more

COP24: The Biggest Immediate Opportunity for Countries to Step Up Climate Action

first_imgThe alarming report released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) earlier this month made it crystal clear that every country, business and person in the world will need to step up climate action if the world is to limit temperature rise to 1.5°C (2.7°F). Breaching this temperature threshold would bring catastrophic impacts the world has never seen—from even more extreme weather events to coral reef die-off to food insecurity. The upcoming climate change conference in Katowice, Poland in December (COP24) is the single-biggest immediate opportunity for countries to show they’re taking the 1.5°C report seriously.What countries say and do in Poland will determine climate efforts for years to come. It will either bring the world closer to meeting the Paris Agreement goal of limiting temperature rise to 1.5°-2°C or push action further down the road—making it harder and more expensive to respond to climate change. It is critical for COP24 to set us on path to enhance collective ambition and close the emissions gap over the coming two years—namely through the submission of revised national climate plans, or “Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs),” in 2020.Below, are four elements needed to show that countries are serious about limiting temperature rise to 1.5°C.1. COP DecisionThe decision of the peak governing body (the “Conference of the Parties,” or “COP”) represents the culmination of every international climate conference. A lot of important declarations, statements and announcements are made during any climate conference, but COP _decisions _are the only statement that comes from all countries (or “Parties”) through consensus. It is one of the most durable elements of a COP, guiding action of all Parties for years to come.To demonstrate a commitment to stepping up climate action, Parties should include the following core elements in the final COP decision at Katowice:Respond directly to recent reports and developments. This would include the IPCC report on 1.5°C; the purpose, mandate and outcomes of the Talanoa Dialogue (the year-long process to identify opportunities to enhance ambition); and the upcoming 2019 UN Secretary General Climate Summit, where Parties can announce their enhanced NDCs.Recommit to the Paris Agreement’s “ambition mechanism” by re-affirming the process for countries to review and revise their NDCs by 2020. The Paris outcome called on countries to strengthen their NDCs every five years and requested that they communicate them by 2020. The COP24 decision could re-iterate this call by requesting all Parties to reflect on their level of ambition in 2019 (through open and inclusive national dialogues), with a goal of communicating a more ambitious NDC by 2020. The Decision should also request that Parties communicate long-term low-carbon strategies, ensuring that revised NDCs align with 2050 plans for decarbonization. Key groups of Parties have already begun calling for the above elements. Least Development Countries, Latin America, the Caribbean, Mexico, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Monaco, South Korea and the Alliance of Small Island States have all made formal submissions to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) asking for a COP decision that helps inform Parties in enhancing the ambition of NDCs in 2020. Other countries should start doing the same.2. Ambition DeclarationOne of the major political forces behind the Paris Agreement on climate change in 2015 was the formation of the High Ambition Coalition, a diverse group of more than 100 countries led by the Marshall Islands and including the EU that raised the expectations of what an international agreement could offer. COP24 needs a similar watershed moment if countries are to follow through on what they committed to in Paris in 2015.A strong political declaration from a group of countries responding to the 1.5°C report and committing to greater ambition in 2020 would complement the above COP decision. Led by the Marshall Islands, more than 30 countries have already joined a declaration that commits signatories to step up ambition in 2020 and galvanize global political momentum. Getting more countries on board could create momentum ahead of the Katowice summit. 3. Individual Country CommitmentsIn addition to a political declaration from a group of Parties, individual countries ready to commit to enhance the ambition of their NDCs by 2020 should announce these intentions at COP24. They could follow the lead of the Marshall Islands and Fiji, which have said they will submit enhanced NDCs at the UN Secretary General’s Climate Summit in 2019, ahead of the 2020 deadline laid out in Paris Agreement. This will require ministers to come to COP24 prepared to outline their process for NDC review and revision by 2020.4. Presidential Call to Action from the Talanoa DialogueThe Talanoa Dialogue has been a year-long process, convened by the COP presidencies (Fiji and Poland), to collectively assess progress towards the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement to limit warming to 1.5°C-2°C and reach net-zero emissions by 2050. Over the past year, everyone from businesses to cities, states to civil society groups have collaborated to address three questions: where we are, where do we want to go and how do we get there?The Dialogue will officially conclude at COP24 with government ministers and CEOs from business and civil society responding to that final question. An official call to action from the COP presidencies that outlines key sectoral actions governments can take over the coming years, including in their NDCs—such as eliminating fossil fuel subsidies, committing to phase-out fossil fuels, incentivizing electric vehicles, ending deforestation and more—would represent a powerful and lasting output from the Talanoa Dialogue process.  The UN Secretary General’s Climate Summit in 2019 could provide an opportunity to reflect on early progress towards such actions.Such a call to action should be in addition to a more detailed technical summary compiled by the secretariat of the UNFCCC. 5. Enabling ConditionsNone of the above will be possible without renewed commitments to provide finance and support for implementing the Paris Agreement, including the process for review and revision of NDCs ahead of 2020.  Adequate and accessible finance is a pre-condition to enable all countries to go further, faster – together. In addition, the adoption of the Paris implementation guidelines (aka “the rulebook”) at COP24, will facilitate the preparation of the next round of NDCs, enhance confidence and create the enabling environment that would attract funding.Ministers who met in Krakow last week to discuss outcomes for COP24 shared diverging views on what an outcome on ambition could look like, including the best way of sending a signal to enhance NDCs in 2020. They must remember that the outcomes at COP24, together with what countries do in the next two years, will be the real test of the Paris Agreement. The signals that come out of Katowice in December will be crucial in driving the political commitment needed for countries to enhance their ambition through new or updated NDCs in 2020.last_img read more

Top 4 Personal Branding Myths Debunked by @DanSchawbel on [@InboundNow #28]

first_img Why you should think about Don’t forget to share this post! AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to Email AppEmail AppShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to MessengerMessengerShare to SlackSlack What Is Personal Branding? “The internet is very interesting because it is kind of like the law of attraction. If you really put the true you out there and define who you are, who you serve, and what makes you special and unique, then those types of opportunities are going to come directly to you.” , and more. He’s been in the Dan Schawbel joins us for another exciting episode of Inbound Now, HubSpot’s On “Owning” the First Page of Google Results for Personal Branding Inc , companies are using social networks and search engines The New York Times , to learn more about the latest technologies and how to leverage them to grow your brand. Digital Media 3.0 Myth: Online influence isn’t important. . 30 Under 30 list. He also runs his own agency, Debunking personal branding myths Research shows that Establishing a personal brand and putting it out there online allows you to attract the type of opportunities you’re after. It also lets you be totally comfortable when networking because you’ll be communicating the same message in-person. Personal Branding Myths Millennial Branding Me 2.0 , building a personal brand How personal branding has changed over the years Contest Ends July 13th Fast Company How Dan got to the point where he essentially owns the first page of Google results for “personal branding” Enter to win a Copy of Dan’s , and the more visibility you’ll get. Also, when you become the expert for a smaller group of people, you’re the authority that the media will call on for that information. Myth: Personal branding is all about job-seeking. Follow the three steps below to enter to win a copy of Dan Schawbel’s Book “Me 2.0: Build a Powerful Brand to Achieve Career Success” Myth: Personal branding and image management are the same thing. He did “the basics” for six months. He started out by writing 10 to 12 posts per week. He commented on every blog he could find that mentioned personal branding. He wrote articles, which provided links back to his website. He networked with as many people as he could. , and he’s a professional speaker who travels all around talking about the topic of personal branding. . Myth: Personal branding is just tooting your own horn. He developed rank in search engines What exactly and who Businessweek Online influence matters now. You need to be able to build your own platform, gain followers, and become influential. If there are two candidates up for the same job and they have the same required skills, the person who is influential in their network is going to be more successful because they bring more than themselves to the table. They’re bringing a market that the company can tap going forward. He bought 45 domain names with that term in it. You have to find a balance. You have to give more than you receive. You have to balance contributing value and self-promotion. Figure out what’s right based on your audience. has called “the personal branding force of nature.” He’s been quoted in Personal branding is about finding what makes you unique and special in the marketplace, and then communicating that through different channels to the people you want to target. It’s not about mass marketing yourself. You need a website. It can be your name (claim your URL before someone else does), or you can brand yourself around a certain topic. Invest the time and money into creating a higher level website in order to stand above the millions of other sites out there. Dan has been following personal branding since 2006, and he notes that personal branding is embraced quite a bit more. While personal branding has been around for quite some time, it’s being pushed forward and made tangible by social media technologies. Everyone can have a platform and build their brand. Build Your Brand Online .”center_img If you want to find him elsewhere, just Google “personal branding” or “Dan Schawbel.” ! Dan is the author of Inc. Magazine Start small, choose a niche, and gain visibility. Once you’ve established yourself, you can bite off a larger market share. In this episode, we chat about: social media and inbound marketing podcast is “The way I started was, I was the ‘personal branding spokesperson for Gen Y.’ Then I became ‘personal branding expert’ when my expertise was more proven.” his blog How to build your brand online . His blog name, description, etc. include the term in it. His homepage includes the term 35 times. He was strategic about including the search term on his blog. “My number one goal when I first started out was to own the first page of Google. I wanted that to be my home page.” personal branding It’s also not just about seeking a job outside of your current company, or moving up the ladder. It’s about moving left to right and taking on special projects. View Other Episodes of Inbound Now Dan mentions the following Why Build Up a Personal Brand? How Personal Branding Has Changed Focus your efforts and find your passion from the get-go, and you’ll stand out. Me 2.0: Build a Powerful Brand to Achieve Career Success and on “The real basic thing is, you need your own website. You really need what a lot of people call a ‘home base.'” Me 2.0 “Commit to a topic as soon as you can, because that’s really going to help you out. It’s going to really focus your energy.” They’re not the same thing. Image management is about controlling your image to fit public criteria. Personal branding is about exposing what’s true and unique about you. Connect With Dan Online He . scaled the blog Here are the steps Dan took to essentially “own” the first page of Google results for the term “personal branding”: Narrow down your expertise. Don’t be just another social media guru or just another personal finance expert. The more you can narrow it down, the better you’ll social media technologies personal branding myths Originally published Jul 7, 2011 11:30:00 AM, updated July 03 2013 @DanSchawbel when it comes to evaluating candidates. So it’s not just about being out there, but also making sure you’re watching the messages you’re sending via your online activity. It’s more than that. It’s about establishing your career, connecting your passion with your expertise, and creating your own platform on top of that. , and take a look at his book, . He now has a team of writers. Dan focuses his efforts on writing for other sources, that then link back to the blog. Inbound Marketing Dan’s Most Important Piece of Advice Also, check out his event coming up, “No one can really copy you and who you are if you’re yourself. That’s something that I believe.” It’s empowering to stick it all on the line and announce who you are. “What I’ve noticed is, it’s being embraced on a much higher level, and it’s really driven by You can follow Dan on Twitter Topics: Click here to Subscribe to Inbound Now his bloglast_img read more

Why I Hired the Fake Steve Jobs

first_img Don’t forget to share this post! AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to Email AppEmail AppShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to MessengerMessengerShare to SlackSlack Topics: HubSpot is currently hiring about 30 people a month, so normally a new hire isn’t news. But the latest addition to our marketing team is: the remarkable Dan Lyons. The writer and editor formerly known as “The Fake Steve Jobs” will be joining our inbound marketing team from his current role as Editor-in-Chief of ReadWrite.To me, this news is very exciting for HubSpot because we’ll benefit from having a highly-acclaimed journalist as part of a stellar marketing team. But equally as important, Dan’s arrival is an indicator of a broader paradigm shift in the world of marketing and illustrative of the drastic changes happening in the universe of advertising, marketing, and media.The traditional advertising model is broken.It used to be that if you were a top-tier journalist like Dan, you went to work at a world-class publication (like Forbes), and that would pay you a nice salary because they sold a lot of ads at good prices that were placed around your content. Yet newspaper print advertising revenue is currently less than half of what it was in 2006, and losses in print currently outpace digital advertising revenue at a rate of 10:1.Simply put, the advertising revenue stream that used to support traditional journalism is trending sharply downward. And with consumers tapping into even more tools to block out and avoid advertising, the downward spiral is only growing. This is why Dan was interested in getting out of the media industry and working for a software company.How consumers digest information is changing, too.Our parents’ generation got their news — current events, product, and business news alike — from the daily paper, and did product research by talking to sales reps. When we look for a restaurant to eat at, a car to test drive, or a stroller to purchase, we pick up our mobile phones, tablets, or laptops. A quick Google search can deliver a wide range of options, reviews, and insights, and a social inquiry via Facebook, Twitter, Google+, or LinkedIn can generate information from your closest friends or colleagues on the latest, greatest, and most favorited options out there. To that end, your customers fully expect your company to be easy to find and easy to do business with, on their own terms.Because of this, companies need to change how they market.You need to use inbound marketing to attract customers to you, not interrupt people with ads they don’t want to see. No one wakes up and says “I want to see an ad.” Why do marketers wake up and say “let’s make an ad”?Provide value to your customers. Be helpful. Become the best publication and information source in your industry. This is the core of inbound marketing. At HubSpot, we posted 937 blog entries and published 157 ebooks and offers in 2012 alone. But it’s not just about quantity; it’s also about quality. We want HubSpot to be the absolute best resource for all marketing professionals in the world. Hiring Dan, a world class journalist (who is also darn funny), is another step along that path. And for the same reason, Dan knows the future for someone like him is in working at a company that values inbound marketing.PS: If you are a world class marketing thought leader … I’m still hiring! Tweet me, maybe? (@mvolpe) Originally published Mar 20, 2013 9:00:00 AM, updated October 01 2019 Inbound Marketinglast_img read more

Malcolm Gladwell on BuzzFeed, Competition, and His Beauty Regimen

first_img Don’t forget to share this post! AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to Email AppEmail AppShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to MessengerMessengerShare to SlackSlack Conferences If you could ask best-selling author and extraordinary speaker Malcolm Gladwell a question, any question … what would it be? About his books, about his research, about his hair — anything at all.Last week, folks from the inbound.org community had the chance. To psyche us all up for his keynote speech at INBOUND 2014 this September, Malcolm agreed to answer some questions — about anything at all — and he sent the answers to us to share with you. We’ve transcribed his answers below. Check ’em out, and don’t miss Malcolm at INBOUND this year!Question: The internet has radically changed how we interact with one another, and there are whole sections of it devoted to the artificial creation of “virality” in the way that The Tipping Point first made clear (like BuzzFeed and Upworthy). Do you have any opinion on the merits of this sort of business practice?MG: In The Tipping Point, I talked a lot about “social power” — the idea that certain kinds of people, by virtue of the trust they inspire or the role they play or the personality they have, play disproportionate roles in information epidemics. I don’t think that the internet replaces those kind of dynamics. I think what it does is that it amplifies them. The socially powerful person is now MORE powerful than before, because their reach is so much greater.Question: I just finished reading David and Goliath, it’s amazing how the underdog wins majority of battles when fought unfairly. Other than acquisition how does a large company prepare for an unfair battle against new and much more nimble competition?MG: The most long-lived large companies are those who never stop “thinking” small. What the underdog has — that Goliath does not — is urgency and a willingness to break rules, and the challenge for large companies is to maintain those qualities even after they no longer seem necessary. I’m far more worried, for example, about the future of Apple right now than I would have been had their last five years been financially difficult. It is very hard to continue to breed a culture of urgency when you’ve been earning money hand over fist.Question: How long does it take you to curl your hair each day? No way that’s natural!MG: Totally 100% natural.Question: Your books are always so intricately interwoven with meaning and trains of thought, that all somehow come together at the end to make a coherent argument of some kind. How do you manage to keep track of all those strands while you write? Do you use any particular tools/methods?MG: I have no special tools! But I do return to the same chapters over and over again before I consider them finished, layering in new lines of argument on each pass. Good writing takes time, for that very reason. If you haven’t done a dozen drafts, I think you can’t consider yourself finished. Question: In Outliers, you discuss why a hugely disproportionate number of professional hockey and soccer players are born in January, February and March. I can’t begin to imagine how many to-be parents you influenced to try and have their offspring be born in those months! MG: Well, I have heard that some parents took that to heart. I should add, however, that when it comes to academic achievement, the problem of being the youngest in class is most pronounced for kids with other challenges. If you are from a lower-income, broken home, and you have a learning disability, AND you are the youngest, that’s too much to ask. For the typical middle-class kid from a good, well-educated family, I’m not sure it matters so much. In other words, the kinds of people who took that message to heart are probably the people who least needed to take it to heart.Question: I know that as we become more and more jaded as consumers, we tend to “browse with blinders on.” Which marketing platform (social, email, etc.) do you think is the least annoying or intrusive for consumers to digest?MG: I’m not sure we can use the term “consumer” anymore with any accuracy. I think the number of niches and subcultures and specific preferences is growing exponentially. And it’s not just along generational lines. Twenty years ago, a reader was someone who read books. Now there are book lovers who only listen to books. What does that tells us about the difference ways they relate to and gather information? What is the difference in susceptibility between someone who is a phone-dependent, an email-dependent, or an Instagram-dependent? I’m curious about whether there are long-term differences emerging between consumers, based on their chosen informational pathways.Question: What do you see as being the biggest challenge we face in terms of the way we think? As in, what thought-system and/or mindset in modern society is the most flawed and in need of change?MG: I’m struck the most by how badly traditional ideological terms match the way people now think. More and more, it strikes me that there is more diversity within, say, Republicans or Liberals or Democrats or Environmentalists than there is between them. We’re becoming less and less adept at drawing generalizations about the way we all think.Want to hear Malcolm Gladwell speak at INBOUND14 this September? Register here. Originally published Aug 21, 2014 2:00:00 PM, updated February 01 2017 Topics:last_img read more

5G-enabled, foldable smartphones became a reality (2018 in Retrospect)

first_imgBy Nishant AroraNew Delhi, Dec 26 (IANS) As smartphones went through a couple of noticeable innovations in the hardware department in 2018 — especially Artificial Intelligence (AI)-driven cameras and improved battery — the rise of 5G-ready and foldable devices stole the limelight.While players like Huawei, LG, Motorola and Apple secured patents on foldable devices, South Korean giant Samsung took a definitive lead, showcasing a real one in November when Justin Dennison, Senior Vice President of Mobile Marketing, took out a foldable smartphone from his jacket at a New York event.Reports surfaced that Samsung plans to launch its first foldable smartphone in March next year and the shipment volume would be at least one million.The smartphone would fold inward and sport a 7.4-inch screen when unfolded and have a 4.6-inch display like a regular smartphone when folded.When it came to 5G, Samsung again pushed the envelope and announced 5G-enabled smartphones with US telecom carriers Verizon and AT&T that would hit the market in the first half of 2019.Chinese player OnePlus joined the bandwagon in December, announcing it will release a commercial 5G smartphone with carrier network EE in the UK in 2019.According to Tarun Pathak, Associate Director at Counterpoint Research, 5G devices will soon be a reality.”Form factors like foldable phones along with 5G technology will act as a catalyst impacting the upgrade rate of premium smartphones,” Pathak told IANS. “These features will help smartphone original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to differentiate their offerings. One of the aggressive marketing campaign will surely be about to launch the ‘first 5G’ smartphone in a region/country or price segment,” he added.”Smartphones have not seen much disruptive innovations for a long time now — in form factor and display. Samsung has now achieved a technical breakthrough in display manufacturing,” noted Prabhu Ram, Head-Industry Intelligence Group (IIG), CyberMedia Research (CMR).Rest of the year saw major innovations in the camera department, with almost every player in the market infusing AI into sensors to do the job of clicking that perfect moment for you.An early innovator in smartphone camera technology, Huawei in April brought a Leica-designed, triple-camera system in P20 Pro smartphone which became its USP.Samsung later announced two smartphones — Galaxy A7 with three-rear camera and Galaxy A9 with the four-rear camera system — with AI embedded into it.The year also saw Chinese electronics major Xiaomi’s meteoric rise in India, increasing its market share quarters after quarters on the back of its popular Redmi series.In a bid to break the notion that it is just a smartphone brand, Xiaomi also amplified its products portfolio in categories like fitness and health, smart home, smart travel and more — using AI and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies. OnePlus 6T became the flagship killer of the year in the Rs 30,000-Rs 40,000 segment. Topped with a bigger battery and some hardware improvements, OnePlus 6T made for a highly desirable smartphone in the premium category.As smartphones scouted for innovation, data went dirt cheap.Smartphone users in India are now consuming an average 1GB data per day and spending more than 90 minutes on online activities daily across the entry-level, mid and premium segments, revealed a Nielsen India report in September.”The advent of high-speed 4G Internet, less-expensive mobile handsets and a correction in call data charges have encouraged the speedy adoption of smartphones in India,” said Abhijit Matkar, Director-Technology IPG – Nielsen India.With a rise in smartphone ownership, India was expected to end the year with over 500 million smartphone users, said US-based media agency Zenith.Beyond smartphones, mobile handset market also saw a mammoth rise and to meet the demand of the mass market, new Chinese and Indian vendors launched affordable handsets with latest features, some even under Rs 5,000.Backed by robust growth in smartphone as well as smart-feature phone categories, an estimated 302 million mobile handsets will be sold in India in 2019 — the highest ever in a year — said technology research consulting firm techARC.Of the 302 million mobile handsets, 149 million (49.3 per cent) will be smartphones, 55 million (18.2 per cent) will be smart-feature phones and the remaining 98 million (32.5 per cent) will be feature phones.With data prices breaking all records — thanks to cheaper plans from carriers like Reliance Jio and affordable yet powerful smartphones now available on shelves — the smartphone and mobile growth in India would only swell further.(Nishant Arora can be contacted at nishant.a@ians.in)–IANSna/vmadvertisementlast_img read more